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Table 4 Construction workers’ preferred source and type of treatment according their socio-demographic profile and self stated history of malaria within 1 year in Mangaluru, India, June–September 2012 (n = 119)

From: Construction site workers’ malaria knowledge and treatment-seeking pattern in a highly endemic urban area of India

Study variable Preferred treatment source Preferred treatment type
Public sector Private sector p Allopathic Others p
n % n % n % n %
Age (years)
 <25 42 72.4 16 27.6 0.537 50 86.2 8 13.8 0.282
 ≥25 41 67.2 20 32.8   48 78.7 13 21.3  
Gender
 Female 5 27.8 13 72.2 <0.001a 10 55.6 8 44.4 0.004a, b
 Male 78 77.2 23 22.8   88 87.1 13 12.9  
Type of worker
 Local 1 33.3 2 66.7 0.217b 3 100.0 0 0.0 1.00b
 Migrant 82 70.7 34 29.3   95 81.9 21 18.1  
Marital status
 Unmarried 38 76.0 12 24.0 0.206 44 88.0 6 12.0 0.167
 Married 45 65.2 24 34.8   54 78.3 15 21.7  
Literacy status
 Illiterate 28 57.1 21 42.9 0.012a 35 71.4 14 28.6 0.009a
 Literate 55 78.6 15 21.4   63 90.0 7 10.0  
Caste categoryc
 SC/ST 45 69.2 20 30.8 0.893 51 78.5 14 21.5 0.222
 General/OBC 38 70.4 16 29.6   47 87.0 7 13.0  
History of malaria within 1 year
 Yes 40 72.7 15 27.3 0.512 53 96.4 2 3.6 <0.001a
 No 43 67.2 21 32.8   45 70.3 19 29.7  
  1. aSignificant (p < 0.05)
  2. bFisher’s Exact Test
  3. c SC scheduled caste, ST scheduled tribe, OBC other backward caste; df = 1 for all variables