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Table 2 Bivariate analyses of relevant risk factors for odds of delaying treatment ≥ 24 h by study site

From: Discovering the cost of care: consumer, provider, and retailer surveys shed light on the determinants of malaria health-seeking behaviours

Variable Emakakha OR [95 % CI] Emutete OR [95 % CI] Iguhu OR [95 % CI]
Lived in mud home 4.21 [1.60, 11.04] 3.02 [0.96, 9.52] 3.42 [0.95, 12.2]
Ref: lives in cement/brick home 1 1 1
Owned either furniture or livestock or neither 0.77 [0.37, 1.60] 0.81 [0.30, 2.21] 0.79 [0.45, 1.41]
Ref: owns both furniture and livestock 1 1 1
Wage head has a primary school education 0.98 [0.59, 1.63] 1.89 [1.04, 3.42] 1.03 [0.58, 1.83]
Wage head did not finish primary school 0.63 [0.31, 1.27] 1.65 [0.83, 3.26] 1.45 [0.79, 2.67]
Ref: wage head finished secondary school or beyond 1 1 1
Female wage head of household 1.34 [0.76, 2.36] 1.63 [0.98, 2.72] 3.41 [1.96, 5.94]
Ref: male wage head of household 1 1 1
Chose pharmaceutical retailers for treatment 3.86 [2.36, 6.30] 2.79 [1.42, 5.50] 1.86 [1.06, 3.28]
Ref: chose healthcare facility for treatment 1 1 1
Self-reported nearest facility was a pharmaceutical retailer 2.12 [1.30, 3.45] 5.05 [1.97, 12.93] 0.20 [0.07, 0.59]
Ref: self-reported nearest facility was a healthcare facility 1 1 1
Walked to facility when seeking treatment 1.11 [0.57, 2.18] 0.59 [0.32, 1.08] 2.24 [0.96, 5.21]
Ref: took a car or other motorized transport to facility when seeking treatment 1 1 1
Found treatment to be unaffordable 2.64 [1.31, 5.31] 1.28 [0.76, 2.16] 0.56 [0.33, 0.95]
Did not find treatment to be unaffordable 1 1 1
  1. SSgnificant at α <0.0
  2. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval