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Table 3 Multivariate (adjusted) model of relevant risk factors for odds of delaying treatment ≥24 h by study site

From: Discovering the cost of care: consumer, provider, and retailer surveys shed light on the determinants of malaria health-seeking behaviours

Variables Emakakha OR [95 % CI] Emutete OR [95 % CI] Iguhu OR [95 % CI]
Lived in mud home 8.32 [2.58, 26.90] 2.75 [0.78, 9.74] 2.39 [0.60, 9.61]
Ref: lives in cement/brick home 1 1 1
Owned either furniture or livestock or neither 0.98 [0.42, 2.27] 0.88 [0.31, 2.55] 0.65 [0.34, 1.26]
Ref: owns both furniture and livestock 1 1 1
Wage head has a primary school education 0.82 [0.46, 1.47] 1.60 [0.82, 3.14] 0.94 [0.49, 1.79]
Wage head did not finish primary school 0.45 [0.20, 1.03] 1.46 [0.67, 3.21] 0.99 [0.49, 1.99]
Ref: wage head finished secondary school or beyond 1 1 1
Female wage head of household 1.29 [0.68, 2.45] 1.69 [0.96, 3.0] 3.13 [1.72, 5.69]
Ref: male wage head of household 1 1 1
Chose pharmaceutical retailers for treatment 4.07 [2.31,7.21] 2.21 [1.07, 4.61] 2.60 [1.35, 4.99]
Ref: Chose healthcare facility for treatment 1 1 1
Self-reported nearest treatment facility is pharmaceutical retailer 1.37 [0.76, 2.49] 4.23 [1.55, 11.53] 0.15 [0.04, 0.48]
Ref: self-reported nearest facility was a healthcare facility 1 1 1
Walked to facility when seeking treatment 1.10 [0.5, 2.42] 0.48 [0.24, 0.95] 1.91 [0.76, 4.81]
Ref: took a car or other motorized transport to facility when seeking treatment 1 1 1
Found treatment to be unaffordable 5.36 [2.24, 12.81] 1.15 [0.64, 2.06] 0.59 [0.33, 1.06]
Did not find treatment to be unaffordable 1 1 1
  1. Significant at α <0.05 
  2. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval