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Fig. 1 | Malaria Journal

Fig. 1

From: Malaria illness mediated by anaemia lessens cognitive development in younger Ugandan children

Fig. 1

Brain development model as evaluated in the present study. The developing brain is measured by the Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL) composite of the cognitive scales (visual reception, fine motor, receptive language, and expressive language). The measure of socio-economic status (SES) includes quality of caregiving (nurture/neglect) and physical growth (weight-for-age and height-for-age z scores) along with anaemia are partly the result of nutrition and micronutrients. Anaemia is also partly caused by the effects of infectious disease in early development, such as malaria and exposure to maternal HIV

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