Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Epidemiological characteristics of clinical malaria in Jimma town, southwestern Ethiopia

From: Analysis of asymptomatic and clinical malaria in urban and suburban settings of southwestern Ethiopia in the context of sustaining malaria control and approaching elimination

Parameter Populationa P. vivax P. falciparum
Incidence rate Odds ratio (95 % CI) Incidence rate Odds ratio (95 % CI)
Overall 176,498 1.27   0.40  
Gender
 Female (%) 52.16 1.33 1 0.30 1
 Male (%) 47.84 1.21 0.91 [0.70, 1.19] 0.51 1.68 [1.04, 2.71]*
Age (year)
 <5 (%) 14.64 1.32 1 0.46 1
 ≥5 and <15 (%) 25.04 1.45 1.10 [0.72, 1.68] 0.43 0.92 [0.45, 1.91]
 ≥15 (%) 60.32 1.18 0.90 [0.61, 1.32] 0.38 0.81 [0.42, 1.54]
Occupation
 Trader/traveler (%) 10.90 0.53 1 0.32 1
 Non-schooled child (%)b 18.95 0.85 1.62 [0.78, 3.35] 0.27 0.86 [0.31, 2.43]
 Students (%)c 29.82 1.22 2.33 [1.19, 4.56]* 0.44 1.44 [0.57, 3.46]
 Housewife (%) 15.37 1.42 2.73 [1.36, 5.52]** 0.41 1.30 [0.48, 3.53]
 Farmer and worker (%)d 22.15 1.72 3.32 [1.70, 6.48]*** 0.55 1.73 [0.70, 4.30]
 Officer and Teacher (%) 2.80 3.92 7.88 [3.62, 17.15]*** 0.21 0.65 [0.08, 5.41]
  1. *, ** and *** represent significance at level of 0.05, 0.01 and 0.001, respectively
  2. aBased on 2013 population and percentage was calculated based on the 2014 demographic surveys of 10,119 individuals
  3. bNon-schooled children includes all children (<15 years) who are not attending any regular school
  4. cIncludes all students from kindergarten to college students
  5. dFarmer, factory worker, construction worker, gardener, casual worker, and unemployed