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Table 2 Univariate analysis of risk factors of clinical malaria in Jimma town, south western Ethiopia

From: Analysis of asymptomatic and clinical malaria in urban and suburban settings of southwestern Ethiopia in the context of sustaining malaria control and approaching elimination

Risk factor Case reported P. vivax P. falciparum
Casesa Odds ratio (95 %CI) Casesa Odds ratio (95 % CI)
Use of prevention measure
 Yes 661 152 1 47 1
 No 773 175 0.98 [0.77, 1.26] 50 0.90 [0.60, 1.36]
Use of ITN
 Used ITN 609 199 1 59 1
 Not available or not use 825 131 1.16 [0.90, 1.49] 37 1.19 [0.78, 1.82]
Travel during the preceding 14 days
 No, not traveled 1378 311 1 85 1
 Yes, traveled 56 16 1.37 [0.76, 2.48] 12 4.14 [2.11, 8.14]***
Malaria during the preceding 30 days
 No, no malaria 1380 304 1 91 1
 Yes, had malaria 54 23 2.63 [1.51, 4.57]*** 6 1.77 [0.74, 4.25]
  1. *,**, *** represent significant level of 0.05, 0.01 and 0.001, respectively
  2. aConfirmed cases