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Table 3 Factors associated with Plasmodium vivax infection by RDT

From: Heterogeneous malaria transmission in long-term Afghan refugee populations: a cross-sectional study in five refugee camps in northern Pakistan

  RDT
Univariate Multivariate
OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
Age group (years)
 ≤5 1 1
 6–20 0.80 0.50–1.28 0.71 0.42–1.20
 >20 0.36** 0.20–0.68 0.29* 0.15–0.57
 Sex—male 1.64 0.99–2.69   
 Camp resident 6 months 0.14*** 0.03–0.67 0.18*** 0.05–0.71
 Travel 3 months 1.02 0.53–1.94   
 Fever—2 weeks 6.35* 3.57–11.31 7.03* 3.47–14.26
 Sought malaria treatment 2.48*** 1.13–5.47   
 IRS 12 months 0.41 0.10–1.59   
 ITN last night 0.18** 0.07–0.47 0.14* 0.05–0.39
 Use repellants 0.30* 0.17–0.50 0.29* 0.17–0.50
 Roof—iron 0.36** 0.19–0.68   
 Eaves—closed 0.54*** 0.30–0.98   
 Animal ownership 1.28 0.77–2.14   
SES
 1 1 1
 2 0.39*** 0.16–0.95 0.43 0.18–1.06
 3 0.59 0.28–1.25 0.62 0.26–1.46
 4 0.48*** 0.24–0.97 0.55 0.28–1.10
 5 0.15* 0.07–0.32 0.15* 0.07–0.32
  1. * p < 0.0001, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.05