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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of the study participants

From: Delayed acquisition of Plasmodium falciparum antigen-specific CD4+ T cell responses in HIV-exposed uninfected Malawian children receiving daily cotrimoxazole prophylaxis

Descriptiona Age of study participants at each visit
6 months 12 months 18 months
HUU HEU p* HUU HEU p HUU HEU p
Demographic data
Number of children per visit 31 33 29 31 28 30
Females (%) 65 46 62 42 64 40
Laboratory parameters
WBC count, ×103 cells/ml 10.2 9.45 0.51 11.5 12.0 0.65 9.5 8.4 0.34
Total CD4 T cells (%) 58.4 55.2 0.042 51.1 54.8 0.62 48.8 54.8 0.052
Mothers health status
Mother on ART,  % 97 100 97
Mother on CTX,  % 100 100 100
  1. p p value, WBC white blood cells, ART antiretroviral therapy, CTX cotrimoxazole
  2. * p value obtained with Mann–Whitney U test, p value of <0.05 was considered significant
  3. aPresented as medians