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Table 4 Clinical findings in complicated malaria cases

From: Clinical and epidemiological aspects of complicated malaria in Colombia, 2007–2013

Symptoms/signs P. vivax (n = 1126) P. falciparum (n = 1274) Mixed infection (n = 153) p valuea
n % n % n %
Hyperemesis 127 11.3 193 15.1 17 11.1 0.010
Hepatomegaly 160 14.2 232 18.2 44 28.8 0.001
Splenomegaly 128 11.4 150 11.8 28 18.3 0.045
Clinical jaundice 40 3.6 71 5.6 11 7.2 0.024
Somnolence 121 10.7 195 15.3 28 18.3 0.001
Confusion 44 3.9 85 6.7 14 9.2 0.002
Convulsions 39 3.5 65 5.1 15 9.8 0.010
Coma 14 1.2 6 0.5 0 0 0.180
Thrombocytopaeniab 494 43.9 545 42.8 82 53.6 0.010
Severe anaemia 84 6.9 117 8.3 20 10.9 0.024
Haemorrhage 54 4.8 42 3.3 5 3.3 0.390
DIC 19 1.7 17 1.3 5 3.3 0.190
Haematuria 43 3.8 69 5.4 15 9.8 0.004
Circulatory collapse or shock 31 2.6 12 0.9 6 3.3 0.001
Respiratory distress 56 5.0 62 4.9 10 6.5 0.870
Pulmonary oedema 22 2.0 19 1.5 5 3.3 0.540
  1. Most frequent and significant data are highlighted in italics
  2. DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation
  3. ap value using the Chi square test between parasite species
  4. bNon-severe thrombocytopenia defined as <100,000 platelets/µL