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Table 3 Respondent’s knowledge of malaria, malaria vector and preventive measures in two selected cities (Dodoma and Morogoro)

From: Knowledge and awareness of malaria and mosquito biting behaviour in selected sites within Morogoro and Dodoma regions Tanzania

Variables Dodoma n (%) Morogoro n (%) Both n (%)
Cause of malaria
 Mosquito 118 (59.0) 158 (79.0) 276 (69.0)
 Bacteria 22 (11.0) 16 (8.0) 38 (9.5)
 Worms 4 (2.0) 8 (4.0) 12 (3.0)
 Plasmodium 33 (16.5) 3 (1.5) 36 (9.0)
 Others 23 (11.5) 15 (7.5) 38 (9.5)
Risk of malaria transmission
 Mosquito bite 185 (92.5) 160 (80.0) 345 (86.2)
 Don’t know 4 (2.0) 33 (16.5) 37 (9.3)
 Others 11 (5.5) 7 (3.5) 18 (4.5)
Name of the vector
 Anopheles 150 (75.0) 152 (76.0) 302 (75.5)
 Culex 26 (13.0) 20 (10.0) 46 (11.5)
 Aedes 17 (8.5) 12 (6.0) 29 (7.3)
 Don’t know 7 (3.5) 16 (8.0) 23 (5.7)
Household health problem
 Malaria 172 (86.0) 175 (87.5) 347 (86.7)
 Others (typhoid, diarrhoea, UTI, fungi)   25 (12.5) 53 (13.3)
 Don’t know 18 (9.0) 23 (11.5) 41 (10.2)
 Malaria symptoms
 High fever 56 (28.0) 99 (49.5) 155 (38.7)
 Headache 96 (48.0) 53 (26.5) 149 (37.3)
 Vomiting 28 (14.0) 26 (13.0) 54 (13.4)
 Others 20 (10.0) 22 (11.0) 44 (10.6)
Action taken when encounter these symptoms
 Hospital 119 (59.5) 145 (72.5) 264 (66.0)
 Pain killer 37 (18.5) 25 (12.5) 62 (15.5)
 Relative 4 (2.0) 2 (1.0) 6 (1.5)
 Traditional healer 2 (1.0) 3 (1.5) 5 (1.2)
 Use anti-malarial without checkup 38 (19.0) 25 (12.5) 63 (15.8)
Early Anopheles bite transmit malaria
 Yes 38 (19.0 %) 47 (23.5 %) 85 (21.2)
 No 162 (81.0 %) 153 (76.5 %) 315 (78.8)
Only midnight bites responsible for malaria transmission
 Yes 166 (83.0) 179 (89.5) 345 (86.5)
 No 34 (17.0) 21 (10.5) 55 (13.5)
Methods used for personal protection
 LLINS 138 (69.0) 146 (73.0) 284 (71.0)
 IRS 4 (1.0) 0 (0) 4 (1.0)
 Mosquito coils 30 (15) 21 (10.5) 51 (12.8)
 Mosquito spray 18 (9.0) 29 (14.5) 47 (11.8)
 Others 10 (5.0) 4 (2.0) 14 (3.4)
For school children
 What health information do you get more frequent at school
  HIV 48 (70.5) 75 (75.5) 123 (73.2)
  Malaria 20 (29.5) 25 (25.0) 45 (26.8)