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Table 1 Study participants

From: Characterization of blood dendritic and regulatory T cells in asymptomatic adults with sub-microscopic Plasmodium falciparum or Plasmodium vivax infection

Characteristics Values for indicated group [median (IQR)] or individual values
Control Asymptomatic Acute uncomplicated
Sub-microscopic Sub-microscopic Patent Patent Malaria Malaria
P. falciparum P. vivax P. falciparum P. vivax P. falciparum P. vivax
No. of subjects
 Total 83 19 15 17 19 6 8
 Female/male 46/37 10/9 8/7 12/5 14/5 4/2 5/3
 Papuan/non-Papuan 29/54 9/10 9/6 7/10 14/5 6/0 6/2
Age (years) 30 (25–37) 31 (26–36) 28 (21–31) 28 (24–36) 32 (30–36) 21 (20–24)* 27 (23–36)
Time resident in area (years) 12 (5–20) 10 (6–18) 9 (5–25) 10 (5–22) 10 (2–15) NA NA
No. of parasites/µl ND ND ND 294 (82–2065) 210 (89–696) 24,725 (10,734–57,274)# 58,341 (10,778–89,678)#
Lymphocyte count (109/l) 2.5 (2.2–3.1) 2.2 (1.5–2.6)a 2.6 (2.2–3.7) 2.5 (1.7–2.8) 2.5 (1.8–3.7) 1.4 (0.7–1.6)** 1.0 (0.7–1.2)***
Monocyte count (109/l) 0.5 (0.4–0.6) 0.4 (0.3–0.7) 0.6 (0.4–0.7) 0.6 (0.5–0.7)a 0.5 (0.3–0.8) 0.7 (0.6–0.7)* 0.9 (0.4–1.4)a
  1. IQR interquartile range, ND no parasite detected by microscopy, NA data not available
  2. Significantly different to control, Kruskal–Wallis test with Dunn’s multiple comparisons
  3. * P < 0.05
  4. ** P < 0.005
  5. *** P < 0.0005
  6. #Significantly different to species-matched patent infection, Kruskal–Wallis test with Dunn’s multiple comparisons (P < 0.0005)
  7. aSignificantly different to control, Mann–Whitney U test (P < 0.05)