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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the Ghana trial participants

From: Geo-spatial factors associated with infection risk among young children in rural Ghana: a secondary spatial analysis

Trial participants with a geo-coded residence (n) 1943
Males (%) 992 (51.1)
Age at enrolment (months), mean (SD) 19.2 (8.5)
Serum ferritin (µg/L), geometric mean (SD) 35.1 (3.65)
Infection status
 C-reactive protein (mg/L), mean (SD) 3.34 (4.96)
 Parasite density (count/µL), geometric mean (SD) 3003.0 (5.35)
 Inflammation and/or parasitaemiaa, n (%) 719 (37.0)
 Inflammation without parasitaemiab, n (%) 272 (14.0)
 Parasitaemia with feverc, n (%) 150 (7.72)
 All parasitaemiad, n (%) 447 (23.0)
Anthropometric statuse
 Weight-for-length z-score, mean (SD) −0.63 (0.97)
 Length-for-age z-score, mean (SD) −0.81 (1.21)
Maternal educationf, n (%)
 None 586 (33.5)
 Any 1166 (66.5)
Household asset scoreg, n (%)
 Low 866 (47.5)
 High 957 (52.5)
Distance to the nearest health facility (km), mean (SD) 2.57 (2.99)
  1. aInflammation and/or parasitaemia = CRP > 5 mg/L and/or any malaria parasitaemia
  2. bInflammation without parasitaemia = CRP > 5 mg/L without malaria parasitaemia
  3. cParasitaemia with fever = any malaria parasitaemia with concurrent fever (axillary temperature > 37.5 °C) or history of reported fever (within 48 h)
  4. dAll parasitaemia = any malaria parasitaemia with/without fever
  5. eMeasured at baseline; z-scores estimated using the WHO Child Growth Standards [23]
  6. f Measured at baseline only; total n = 1752 (74 respondents were not mothers, 117 missing due to incomplete surveys)
  7. g Measured at baseline only; reduced sample size (approximately 1825) due to incomplete surveys and ‘unknown’ responses