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Table 2 Malaria epidemiology related characteristics of the study population in Mannar and Trincomalee Districts

From: Determination of demographic, epidemiological, and socio-economic determinants and their potential impact on malaria transmission in Mannar and Trincomalee districts of Sri Lanka

Characteristics Mannar Trincomalee p X 2
N % N %
Knowledge about malaria 0.09 4.69
 Poor 281 52.04 579 64.33
 Adequate 192 35.56 196 21.78
 Good 67 12.41 125 13.89
Potential breeding sites 0.29 7.26
 Burrow pit 37 6.85 79 8.78
 Earth well 23 4.26 105 11.67
 Built well 152 28.15 171 19.00
 Tank/pond 80 14.81 144 16.00
 Paddy field 48 8.89 116 12.89
 Cemented tank 12 2.22 32 3.56
 None 188 34.81 253 28.11
Use of protective measures 0.01 16.63
 Residual spraying 36 6.67 8 0.89
 Bed net 402 74.44 534 59.33
 Covering eve and window 16 2.96 39 4.33
 Mosquito coil 16 2.96 123 13.67
 Integrated approach 58 10.74 143 15.89
 Other 1 0.19 23 2.56
 None 11 2.04 30 3.33
Past malaria infection 0.51 0.42
 Yes 7 1.30 4 0.44
 No 533 98.70 896 99.56
Spraying status of the house 0.00 85.41
 Sprayed 96 17.78 54 6.00
 Overdue 106 19.63 767 85.22
 Unsprayed 338 62.59 88 9.78
  1. p < 0.05 indicates a significant difference among the two populations