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Table 2 Difference between the outlets that stocked oral AMT and those that stocked other anti-malarial—bivariate and multivariate correlates

From: Who continues to stock oral artemisinin monotherapy? Results of a provider survey in Myanmar

Outlet characteristics Outlets that stocked oral AMT OR 95 % CI p-value AOR 95 % CI p-value
No (N = 477) Yes (N = 96)
Count Percent Count Percent
Location
 Rural 346 89.2  42 10.8        
 Urban 131 70.8  54 29.2  3.40 2.17−5.35 0.000 1.50 0.74−3.06 0.260
Outlet type
 Private facility 36 66.7  18 33.3        
 Pharmacy 85 68.0  40 32.0  0.94 0.48−1.88 0.861 0.40 0.14−1.1 0.076
 Itinerant drug vendor 54 87.1  8 12.9  0.30 0.11−0.73 0.011 0.16 0.04−0.6 0.008
 Retailer 144 90.0  16 10.0  0.22 0.10−0.48 0.000 0.20 0.05−0.77 0.020
 Health worker 158 91.9  14 8.1  0.18 0.08−0.39 0.000 0.18 0.05−0.59 0.005
License to sell drugs
 Yes 120 71.0  49 29.0  3.10 1.98−4.88 0.000 1.58 0.74−3.43 0.240
Providers’ characteristics
 Education
  Low-mid 111 91.0  11 9.0        
  High 173 85.2  30 14.8  1.75 0.87−3.78 0.133 1.28 0.53−3.21 0.589
  Graduate 193 77.8  55 22.2  2.88 1.50−6.00 0.003 0.96 0.36−2.58 0.928
Health-related qualification
 Yes 265 82.0  58 18.0  1.22 0.78−1.92 0.381 3.12 1.45−6.86 0.004
External support
 Had someone from PSI ever visited
  Yes 341 86.3  54 13.7  0.51 0.33−0.81 0.004 0.72 0.4−1.3 0.273
 Attended any trainings or workshops about malaria diagnosis
  Yes 110 91.7  10 8.3  0.39 0.18−0.74 0.007 0.78 0.18−3.35 0.733
 Attended any trainings or workshops about malaria treatment
  Yes 121 91.7  11 8.3  0.38 0.19−0.71 0.004 1.41 0.31−6.09 0.651
 Heard or seen any message about malaria
  Yes 174 84.5  32 15.5  0.87 0.54−1.37 0.558 0.90 0.5−1.6 0.726
Providers’ knowledge
 Knew the most effective treatment for uncomplicated malaria
  Right 219 91.2  21 8.8  0.33 0.19−0.54 0.000 0.67 0.24−1.95 0.457
 Knew the first line anti-malarial recommended by government
  Right 122 93.1  9 6.9  0.30 0.14−0.59 0.001 0.49 0.19−1.16 0.116
 Knew that some anti-malarials are banned in Myanmar
  Yes 60 87.0  9 13.0  0.72 0.32−1.44 0.381 0.72 0.29−1.7 0.475
 Knew the meaning of Padonma logo (QAACT)
  Correct answer 49 92.5  4 7.5  0.38 0.11−0.96 0.069 0.45 0.12−1.38 0.194
Providers’ practice
 Treated Pf and Pv differently
  Yes 206 88.0  28 12.0  0.54 0.33−0.86 0.012 0.59 0.28−1.2 0.148
 Most recommended treatment for malaria
  Right 237 90.1  26 9.9  0.38 0.23−0.60 0.000 0.66 0.24−1.76 0.422
 Decide which anti-malarial medicines customers receive
  Yes 327 86.1  53 13.9  0.57 0.36−0.89 0.012 1.12 0.52−2.39 0.772
 Cut blister packs or sell partial courses
  Yes 60 59.4  41 40.6  5.18 3.18−8.44 0.000 5.17 2.63−10.41 0.000
 Provided cocktails
  Yes 122 78.7  33 21.3  1.52 0.95−2.42 0.078 0.81 0.38−1.68 0.584
 Stock decision made by consumer demand
  Yes 86 67.2  42 32.8  3.54 2.21−5.63 0.000 3.06 1.6−5.92 0.001
 Stock decision made by easily available
  Yes 60 89.6  7 10.4  0.55 0.22−1.16 0.147 0.87 0.31−2.21 0.777
 Stock decision made by more effective
  Yes 202 81.1  47 18.9  1.31 0.84−2.03 0.234 1.62 0.88−3 0.124