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Table 5 Association of participants’ knowledge about malaria with their age and gender

From: Is Nigeria winning the battle against malaria? Prevalence, risk factors and KAP assessment among Hausa communities in Kano State

Variables Age (years) Gender
<18 ≥18 OR 95 % CI Female Male OR 95 % CI
Heard about malaria 143 (94.1) 340 (96.3) 1.65 0.69, 3.94 184 (94.4) 299 (96.5) 1.63 0.69, 3.82
Causes
 Mosquito bites 117 (81.8) 247 (72.6) 0.59 0.36, 0.96* 117 (63.6) 247 (82.6) 2.72 1.78, 4.16*
 Stagnant water 3 (2.1) 9 (2.6) 1.27 0.34, 4.76 4 (2.2) 8 (2.7) 1.24 0.37, 4.17
 Poor personal hygiene 4 (2.8) 5 (1.5) 0.52 0.14, 1.96 3 (1.6) 6 (2.0) 1.24 0.31, 5.01
 Do not know 19 (13.3) 79 (23.2) 1.98 1.15, 3.41* 60 (32.6) 38 (12.7) 0.30 0.20, 0.48*
Signs and symptoms
 Fever 114 (79.7) 262 (77.1) 0.85 0.53, 1.38 127 (69.0) 249 (83.3) 2.24 1.45, 3.46*
 Headache 12 (8.4) 38 (11.2) 1.37 0.70, 2.71 14 (7.6) 36 (12.0) 1.66 0.87, 3.17
 Weakness 49 (34.3) 184 (54.1) 2.26 1.51, 3.40* 91 (49.5) 142 (47.5) 0.92 0.64, 1.34
 Vomiting 6 (4.2) 49 (14.4) 3.85 1.61, 0.19* 18 (9.8) 37 (12.4) 1.30 0.72, 2.36
 Abdominal pain 7 (4.9) 42 (12.4) 2.74 1.20, 6.25 23 (12.5) 26 (8.7) 0.67 0.37, 1.21
 Do not know 15 (10.5) 45 (13.2) 1.30 0.70, 2.42 35 (19.0) 25 (8.4) 0.39 0.23, 0.67*
Prevention
 Using bed nets/insecticide 112 (78.3) 224 (65.9) 0.53 0.34, 0.84* 97 (52.7) 239 (79.9) 3.57 2.38, 5.36*
 Improving personal hygiene 31 (21.7) 72 (21.2) 0.97 0.60, 1.56 20 (10.9) 83 (27.8) 3.15 1.86, 5.35*
 Medication 10 (7.0) 24 (7.1) 1.01 0.50, 2.17 3 (1.6) 31 (10.4) 6.98 2.10, 23.17*
 Do not know 6 (4.2) 15 (4.4) 1.05 0.40, 2.77 12 (6.5) 9 (3.0) 0.45 0.18, 1.08
  1. All values are number (%)
  2. OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval
  3. * Significant association (p < 0.05)