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Table 1 Characteristics of suspected malaria patients by age, region, health facility managing authority, and month of admission

From: Adherence to national guidelines for the diagnosis and management of severe malaria: a nationwide, cross-sectional survey in Malawi, 2012

Characteristic Age in years, n (%) Region, n (%) Managing authority, n (%) Admission month, n (%)
<5 ≥5 p value North Central South p value Govt. CHAM p value October 2011 April 2012 p value
All patients 463 (58) 443 (42) 0.0003 218 (30) 368 (38) 320 (32) 0.87 447 (43) 459 (58) 0.41 453 (44) 453 (56) <0.0001
Female 240 (52) 258 (58) 0.19 114 (52) 203 (55) 181 (56) 0.63 237 (53) 261 (56) 0.46 251 (53) 247 (56) 0.47
Pregnant 0 (0) 28 (6) 3 (1) 14 (3) 11 (3) 0.28 13 (2) 15 (2) 0.84 24 (5) 4 (1) <0.0001
Febrile 427 (94) 335 (79) <0.0001 185 (89) 311 (87) 266 (87) 0.84 376 (87) 386 (88) 0.61 371 (85) 391 (90) 0.075
Malaria testing
RDT or microscopy performed 320 (70) 290 (61) 0.040 135 (56) 222 (64) 253 (78) 0.20 254 (57) 356 (72) 0.17 292 (61) 318 (70) 0.052
Positive result 235 (53) 172 (37) <0.0001 79 (34) 170 (50) 161 (54) 0.13 174 (41) 233 (50) 0.19 162 (35) 245 (55) <0.0001
Disposition
Alive and well 431 (96) 400 (96) 0.99 201 (97) 332 (95) 298 (97) 0.79 402 (95) 429 (97) 0.24 408 (95) 423 (97) 0.13
Alive with morbidity 9 (2) 12 (2) 4 (1) 13 (2) 4 (1) 14 (2) 7 (1) 14 (2) 7 (1)
Died 12 (2) 13 (2) 6 (3) 9 (2) 10 (2) 16 (3) 9 (2) 15 (3) 10 (2)
  1. All p values determined by Rao-Scott Chi Square. Italicized results reflect p < 0.05.
  2. Govt. Government; CHAM Christian Health Association of Malawi; RDT Rapid Diagnostic Test