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Table 1 Characteristics of participants in the community-based survey

From: Burden of malaria is higher among children in an internal displacement camp compared to a neighbouring village in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

  IDPs (Bilobilo) n = 200 Village controls (Mubi) n = 200 P value
Agea (years): median (range) 2.6 (0.1-5) 2.4 (0.7–5) 0.11
Female sexa: n (%) 118 (59 %) 101 (51 %) 0.11
Number of children <5 in the household: median (range) 1 (1–4) 2 (1–4) 0.22
Bed nets: n (%)
Household ownership 68 (34 %) 136 (68 %) <0.001
Bed net use (index case)a 50 (25 %) 111 (56 %) <0.001
Maternal education: n (%)
No formal education 4 (2 %) 4 (2 %) 1.00
Primary 129 (65 %) 63 (32 %) <0.001
Secondary 53 (27 %) 74 (37 %) 0.03
University 14 (7 %) 59 (30 %) <0.001
House construction: n (%)
Electricity 0 0
Brick 0 7 (3.5 %) 0.015
Household assets: n (%)
Bicycle 45 (23 %) 98 (49 %) <0.001
Motor vehicle 0 0
Radio 17 (8.5 %) 51 (25 %) <0.001
Telephone 15 (7.5 %) 35 (18 %) 0.002
Television 0 0
Refrigerator 0 0
Chicken 41 (21 %) 112 (56 %) <0.001
Cow 1 (0.5 %) 3 (1.5 %) 0.62
Goat 5 (2.5 %) 16 (8.0 %) 0.01
Wealth quintile b : n (%) <0.0001
Poorest 108 (54 %) 42 (21 %)
Second 34 (17 %) 24 (12 %)
Middle 26 (13 %) 27 (14 %)
Fourth 19 (9.5 %) 44 (22 %)
Richest 13 (6.5 %) 63 (32 %)
P. falciparum infection (RDT positive) a: n (%) 35 (17.5 %) 15 (7.5 %) 0.009
  1. aAge, sex, bed net use, and P. falciparum infection refer to the index child; all other measures refer to the family/household
  2. bBased on principal component analysis of household wealth indicators [33]. For four of the eleven indicators, no participant in the village or camp owned the asset (electricity in the house, vehicle, television and refrigerator); these indicators and they did not contribute to the wealth index