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Table 2 Comparison of prevalence of species of Plasmodium in long-tailed macaques

From: Distribution and prevalence of malaria parasites among long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) in regional populations across Southeast Asia

Sample origin

Total number

No. Pk (χ2 Exp.)

% Pk

No. Pcy (χ2 Exp.)

% Pcy

No. Pin (χ2 Exp.)

% Pin

No. Pct (χ2 Exp.)

% Pct

No. Pfi (χ2 Exp.)

% Pfi

Year

Batangas, Philippines

28

0 (1)

0

3 (2)

10.7

0 (1)

0

1 (1)

3.6

0 (0)

0

2012

Zamboanga, Philippines

40

0 (1)

0

1 (2)

2.5

2 (1)

5

1 (1)

2.5

0 (0)

0

2012

Vanny, Cambodia

54

0 (12)

0

27 (22)

50

12 (12)

22.2

16 (8)

29.6

1 (2)

1.9

2011

Southern Sumatra

50

0 (13)

0

48 (23)

96

10 (12)

20

0 (8)

0

0 (2)

0

2010

Guidong/Laos

44

1 (7)

2.3

29 (12)

65.9

0 (6)

0

0 (4)

0

1 (1)

2.3

2013

Bintan Island, Indonesia

20

0 (5)

0

13 (8)

65

5 (4)

25

1 (3)

5

2 (1)

10

2007

Singapore

40

0 (8)

0

26 (15)

65

5 (8)

12.5

2 (5)

5

4 (1)

10

2007

Total

276

1

0.4

147

53.3

34

12.3

 

20.4

12

3.4

 

Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo [21]

82

71 (54)

86.6

52 (99)

63.4

69 (51)

84.1

52 (35)

63.4

4 (9)

4.9

2011

Sabah, Malaysian Borneo [26]

26

4 (4)

15.4

3 (7)

11.5

8 (4)

30.8

1 (2)

3.8

1 (1)

3.8

2014

Singapore [22]

157

45 (21)

28.7

40 (39)

25.5

1 (20)

0.6

2 (14)

1.3

11 (4)

7

2011

Hulu Selangor, Malaysia [20]

70

21 (17)

30.0

18 (31)

25.7

23 (16)

32.9

16 (11)

22.9

1 (3)

1.4

2015

Kuala Lumpur and Selangor, Malaysia [27]

41

0

0

2008

Kuala Lipis, Pahang, Malaysia [27]

75

10

13.3

2008

Thailand [25]

195

1

0.5

7

3.6

3

1.5 %

0

0

2010

Thailand [24]

105

0

0

2008

Indonesia [26]

N/A

N/A

3.2 %

2007

  1. The figures in brackets are expected number of infections estimated by Chi square test under the assumption of “Plasmodium parasite prevalence independent from the geographic location”
  2. Pk P. knowlesi, Pcy P. cynomolgi, Pin P. inui, Pct P. coatneyi, Pfi P. fieldi, No number, χ 2 Exp. Chi square test expected values, not done, N/A not available