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Table 2 Performance of three methods for malaria diagnosis

From: Multi-method assessment of patients with febrile illness reveals over-diagnosis of malaria in rural Uganda

Diagnostic comparison True+ True− False+ False− Sensitivity (95 % CI) Specificity (95 % CI)
RDT vs. PCR 25 42 2 2 92.6 (75.6–98.9) 95.5 (84.5–99.3)
Microscopy vs. PCR 23 34 2 2 92.0 (73.9–98.8) 94.4 (81.3–99.2)
mDRT + microscopy vs. PCR 24 34 0 1 96.0 (79.6–99.3) 100 (89.6–100)
  1. True readings indicate agreement between diagnostic methods. False readings indicate discrepancies between diagnostic methods. Test performance of microscopy and RDT were assessed relative to PCR as sensitivity (true positive rate) and specificity (true negative rate)