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Table 3 Estimated costs (US$) of malaria to businesses by sector, 2014

From: Economic burden of malaria on businesses in Ghana: a case for private sector investment in malaria control

Sectors No. of businesses Average cost (US$) Total cost (US$) Cost profile
Direct Indirect Direct Indirect Total
Agriculture and agribusiness 291 1906.60 69.85 554,819.29 20,325.11 575,144.41 8.7
Construction and engineering 453 3092.32 170.58 1,400,820.19 77,271.55 1,478,091.74 22.4
Financial 847 1138.94 519.37 964,681.41 439,903.06 1,404,584.47 21.3
Man. and processing 254 553.48 57.46 140,583.95 14,593.66 155,177.61 2.4
Pharmaceuticals 456 1762.21 145.16 803,569.84 66,190.94 869,760.77 13.2
Services 3527 585.25 11.85 2,064,186.44 41,783.66 2,105,970.10 32.0
Total 5828 5,928,661.12 660,067.97 6,588,729.09 100.0