Skip to main content

Table 3 The effects of the universal coverage campaign (UCC) of ITNs and the use of bed nets on childhood malaria in Malawi

From: The effectiveness of a nationwide universal coverage campaign of insecticide-treated bed nets on childhood malaria in Malawi

Year/period Intervention Level of analysis Malaria outcomes RR (95 % CI) p value
Control (n) Treatment (n)
negative Positive Negative Positive
2012 vs 2014 UCC of ITNs Overall 1359 381 1205 401 1.14 (1.00–1.29) 0.036*
2012 vs 2014 UCC of ITNs Rural 898 373 779 358 1.07 (0.95–1.21) 0.254**
2012 vs 2014 UCC of ITNs Urban 454 59 373 37 0.78 (0.53–1.16) 0.223**
2014 Bed net use Overall 313 115 682 224 0.92 (0.76–1.12) 0.399**
2014 Bed net use Rural 227 100 448 197 1.00 (0.82–1.22) 0.990**
2014 Bed net use Urban 96 5 110 7 1.21 (0.40–3.69) 0.740**
2012 Bed net use Overall 465 164 719 200 0.83 (0.70–1.00) 0.049*
2012 Bed net use Rural 304 140 451 168 0.86 (0.71–1.04) 0.119**
2012 Bed net use Urban 156 29 121 11 0.53 (0.28–1.03) 0.060*
  1. RR risk ratio, ITNs insecticide-treated bed nets, CI confidence interval
  2. * Significant (p ≤ 0.05); ** non significant (p > 0.05)