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Table 3 Variation of kdr genotypes (RR, RS and SS) in An. gambiae s.s. and An. arabiensis collected from seven sentinel sites in 2011 and 2013

From: Susceptibility of Anopheles gambiae to insecticides used for malaria vector control in Rwanda

Site Total tested An gambiae s.s. genotype count (allele frequency) An. arabiensis genotype count (allele frequency)
N SS (%) RS (%) RR (%) N SS (%) RS (%) RR (%)
Busoro 44 4 0 (0.00) 4 (1.00) 0 (0.00) 0 12 (0.30) 28 (0.70) 0 (0.00)
Kicukiro 17 5 0 (0.00) 5 (1.00) 0 (0.00) 12 0 (0.00) 12 (1.00) 0 (0.00)
Kivumu 56 3 3 (1.00) 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) 53 53 (1.00) 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00)
Mareba 256 17 16 (0.94) 1 (0.06) 0 (0.00) 239 226 (0.96) 13 (0.04) 0 (0.00)
Mashesha 24 12 0 (0.00) 12 (1.00) 0 (0.00) 12 1 (0.08) 11 (0.92) 0 (0.00)
Mimuri 145 88 43 (0.49) 13 (0.15) 32 (0.36) 57 49 (0.86) 1 (0.02) 7 (0.12)
Mubuga 183 5 5 (1.00) 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) 178 84 (0.47) 93 (0.52) 1 (0.01)
Total 725 134 67 (50.0) 35 (26.1) 32 (23.9) 591 425 (71.9) 158 (26.7) 8 (1.4)
  1. RR denotes the homozygous resistant L1014S genotype and SS denotes the homozygous susceptible wild genotype. The An. gambiae s.s. and An. arabiensis genotypes count for the 2 years of study were pooled