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Table 2 Characteristics of anti-malarial customers

From: Expanding access to parasite-based malaria diagnosis through retail drug shops in Tanzania: evidence from a randomized trial and implications for treatment

  Pre-intervention Post-intervention
Subsidized (n = 91) Unsubsidized (n = 82) Control (n = 86) χ 2 p value Subsidized (n = 266) Unsubsidized (n = 330) Control (n = 359) χ 2 p value
Customer age (median, range) 30 (18–67) 34 (18–68) 33 (18–83)   30 (6–79) 32 (12–92) 30 (14–82)  
Male (%, 95% CI) 44.0 (33.7–54.3) 47.6 (36.6–58.5) 52.3 (41.7–63.0) 0.536 47.4 (41.3–53.4) 49.4 (44.0–54.8) 51.5 (46.3–56.7) 0.585
Completed > Primary school (%, 95% CI) 15.4 (7.9–22.9) 24.4 (15.0–33.8) 20.9 (12.2–29.6) 0.327 21.1 (16.1–26.0) 13.9 (10.2–17.7) 21.2 (16.9–25.4) 0.025
Wealth quintile (%, 95% CI)
 Lowest 14.3 (7.0–21.5) 30.5 (20.4–40.6) 17.4 (9.3–25.5) 0.337 17.7 (13.1–22.3) 18.2 (14.1–22.4) 24.8 (20.3–29.3) 0.248
 Lower 20.9 (12.4–29.3) 18.3 (9.8–26.8) 20.9 (12.2–29.6) 21.8 (16.8–26.8) 21.9 (17.4–26.4) 18.1 (14.1–22.1)
 Middle 23.1 (14.3–31.8) 13.4 (6.0–20.9) 22.1 (13.2–31.0) 22.9 (17.9–28.0) 18.2 (14.1–22.4) 20.6 (16.4–24.8)
 Higher 20.9 (12.4–29.3)  20.7 (11.9–29.6) 20.9 (12.2–29.6)  20.3 (15.5–25.1) 21.3 (16.8–25.7) 17.5 (13.6–21.5)
 Highest 20.9 (12.4–29.3) 17.1 (8.8–25.3) 18.6 (10.3–26.9) 17.3 (12.7–21.9) 20.4 (16.0–24.7) 18.9 (14.9–23.0)
Patient is customer or is with customer (present at ADDO) (%, 95% CI) 59.3 (49.1–69.5) 59.1 (45.2–67.0) 68.6 (58.7–78.5) 0.221 81.6 (76.9–86.3) 74.8 (70.2–79.5) 68.0 (63.1–72.8) 0.001