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Table 2 Roles of CHWs, VMWs and lay personnel working on malaria

From: Towards eliminating malaria in high endemic countries: the roles of community health workers and related cadres and their challenges in integrated community case management for malaria: a systematic review

SN Citation Cadre Roles
1. Rodriguez et al. [20] Health surveillance assistants Treatment with ACT Disease surveillance Health promotion
2. Chilundo et al. [21] CHWs: Agentes Polivalentes Elementares (APEs) Prescription of anti-malarial Management of malaria cases
3. Yansaneh et al. [33] Community health volunteers Malaria treatment Health promotion Referral of critical patients or those with danger signs Accompanies malaria-sick patients to health facilities
4. Witek-McManus et al. [34] CHWs Diagnosis using RDT Treatment using ACT
5. Nanyonjo et al. [30] CHWs Diagnosis Patients’ referral
6. Linn et al. [19] HCPs Home visitation and health promotion
7. Druetz et al. [35] CHWs Patients consultations Prescription and treatment
8. Das et al. [36] ASHA Patients consultations Prescription and treatment
9. Yansaneh et al. [12] Community health volunteers Malaria treatment Disease prevention
10. Banek et al. [13] (CMDs) Home-based treatment of malaria
11. Hamainza et al. [22] CHWs Malaria treatment Diagnosis using RDT
12. Abbey et al. [24] CHWs Health promotion
13. Tine et al. [14] CHWs Malaria treatment Health promotion
14. Tine et al. [29] CHWs Home-based treatment and diagnosis
15. Nanyonjo et al. [18] Primary health facility workers (PFHWs) Facility treatment Health promotion and prevention
16. Siekmans et al. [38] CHWs Home-based treatment and diagnosis
17. Ndiaye et al. [39] CHWs Consultations Treatment using ACT Patients’ referrals Diagnosis using RDT
18. Blanas et al. [28] CHWs Treatment and prescription of ACT Diagnosis with RDT Selling anti-malarials at government prices
19. Ohnmar et al. [40] Village volunteers Treatment and prescription of ACT Diagnosis with RDT
20. Lim et al. [41] Village malaria workers Diagnosis
21. Kisia et al. [42] CHWs Treatment and prescription of ACT
22. Counihan et al. [25] CHWs Diagnosis using RDT
23. Rutta et al. [43] CORPs Diagnosis using RDT Treatment using ACT Referral of malaria cases
24. Ratsimbasoa et al. [44] CHWs Diagnosis using RDT
25. Brenner et al. [23] Community health volunteers Diagnosis using RDT Treatment using ACT
26. Mukanga et al. [45] CHWs Patients’ consultation: taking history Diagnosis with RDT Patient’s classification
27. Thiam et al. [46] HCPs Patients’ consultation: taking history Diagnosis with RDT Treatment
28. Okeibunor et al. [15] CDDs Distribution of ITNs Provision of IPTp drugs Counselling services on prevention among pregnant women
29. Lemma et al. [47] CHWs Diagnosis using RDT Treatment of malaria
30. Patouillard et al. [16] Community health volunteers Intermittent preventive treatment in children (IPTc)
31. Chanda et al. [48] CHWs Diagnosis
32. Chanda et al. [49] CHWs Treatment using anti-malarials
33. Ngasala et al. [50] CHWs Treatment using anti-malarials (ACT)
34. Phommanivong et al. [51] Village health workers Diagnosis using RDT Treatment of malaria
35. Yeboah-Antwi et al. [52] CHWs Diagnosis using RDT Treatment using ACT
36. Mukanga et al. [53] CMDs Diagnosis using RDT
37. Yasuoka et al. [17] Village malaria workers Diagnosis with RDTs Prescribing anti-malarials Active detection Explanations about compliance Follow-up of patients
38. Hawkes et al. [54] CHWs Diagnosis using RDT Treatment of febrile conditions/malaria
39. Eke et al. [55] CHWs Diagnosis using RDT
40. Tipke et al. Volunteer community health workers Treatment using modern medicine
41. Awor et al. [56] Drug shop attendants Malaria testing with RTD Malaria treatment with ACT
42. Cox et al. [57] Village malaria workers Surveillance of day 3-positive Plasmodium falciparum cases
43. Hamainza et al. [22] CHWs Diagnosis using RDT
44. Ndiaye et al. [58] CHWs Use of paediatric kit containing quinine, purified water, syringe
45. Das et al. [59] Volunteers Cases of fever treated during the 3-year period
46. Mbonye et al. [60] Drug shop vendors, traditional birth attendants, community reproductive health worker, adolescent peer mobilizer Delivery of SP doses to pregnant women
47. Vanek et al. [61] CORPs Number of malaria vector larval habitats
48. Cho-Min-Naing et al. [62] Volunteer health workers Sensitivities of malaria parasites tests
49. Kelly et al. [63] CHWs Treatment
50. Ruebush et al. [64] Volunteer collaborators Number of patients treated
51. Aung et al. [65] CHWs Diagnosis and treatment of paediatric malaria
52. Gidebo et al. [66] CHWs Diagnosis and treatment
53. Kalyango et al. [67] CHWs Treatment
54. Hamer et al. [68] CHWs Use of RDT
55. Mubi et al. [10] CHWs Provision of ACT
56. Harvey et al. [69] CHWs Use of RDT
57. Delacollette et al. [70] CHWs Treatment
58. Phommanivong et al. [51] Village health volunteers Use of RDT Provision of ACT
59. Eriksen et al. [71] Women leaders Role of women leaders in recognizing symptoms and providing first-line treatment for uncomplicated malaria
60. Kouyaté et al. [72] Lay community women leaders Malaria case management
61. Onwujekwe et al. [73] CHWs Malaria treatment
62. Mayxay et al. [74] Village health volunteers Use of RDT
63. Hii et al. [75] Village health volunteers Treatment
64. Spencer et al. [76] Volunteer community health workers Treatment with chloroquine
65. Ajayi et al. [77] CHWs Health promotion Treatment of malaria
66. Kweku et al. [78] Community volunteers vs health workers in health facilities Administration of amodiaquine plus SP
  1. CHWs community health workers, ASHA accredited social health activist, HCPs home care providers, CMDs community medicine distributors, VMWs village malaria workers, CORPs community-owned resource persons, CCDD volunteer community-directed distributor, VHVs village health volunteers