Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Association of peripheral malaria infection with reduced fetal middle cerebral artery pulsatility index (<10th centile)

From: Effects of Plasmodium falciparum infection on umbilical artery resistance and intrafetal blood flow distribution: a Doppler ultrasound study from Papua New Guinea

  % (N) OR (95% CI) P aOR (95% CI)a P
Peripheral malaria infection prior to Doppler scanb
 Any species 14.8 (55/370) 1.5 (0.6–3.5) 0.35 1.4 (0.6–3.2) 0.42
 P.f. 12.7 (47/370) 1.9 (0.8–4.5) 0.15 1.8 (0.8–4.2) 0.17
 P.v. 3.2 (12/370)
 P.f. (sub) 6.6 (24/362) 1.5 (0.5–4.5) 0.52 1.4 (0.5–4.2) 0.59
Peripheral malaria infection at any stage in pregnancy (as a measure of exposure)c
 Any species 22.8 (68/298) 1.9 (0.9–3.9) 0.09 1.8 (0.9–3.79) 0.10
 P.f. 18.1 (54/298) 2.6 (1.3–5.5) 0.010 2.6 (1.2–5.3) 0.012
 P.v. 7.1 (21/298) 0.5 (0.1–4.0) 0.53 0.5 (0.1–3.9) 0.51
 P.f. (sub) 9.4 (27/287) 2.9 (1.1–7.5) 0.027 2.8 (1.1–7.5) 0.035
Cumulative malaria detections with any species (as a measure of exposure)c
 1 18.8 (56/298) 1.2 (0.5–2.8) 0.63 1.2 (0.5–2.7) 0.69
 ≥2 4.0 (12/298) 6.2 (1.8–21.5) 0.004 6.0 (1.7–20.8) 0.005
  1. P.f., P. falciparum; P.v., P. vivax; sub, sub-microscopic
  2. aAdjusted for fetal gender, gravidity and gestational age
  3. bN (%) represents the number of scans
  4. cN (%) represents the number of women