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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study participants

From: An epidemiological study to assess Plasmodium falciparum parasite prevalence and malaria control measures in Burkina Faso and Senegal

Site Age classes Characteristic Values
Nouna (Burkina Faso) Overall N 610
Age, mean years (SD) 4.04 (2.75)
Male, n (%) 315 (51.6%)
Female, n (%) 295 (48.4%)
6 months–4 years N 407
Rural area, n (% [95% CI]) 218 (53.6% [48.6, 58.5])
Fever in the last 24 h, n (% [95% CI]) 100 (24.6% [20.5, 29.1])
Malaria treatment in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 90 (22.1% [18.2, 26.5])
Other medications in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 177 (43.5% [38.6, 48.5])
5–9 years N 203
Rural area, n (% [95% CI]) 105 (51.7% [44.6, 58.8])
Fever in the last 24 h, n (% [95% CI]) 33 (16.3% [11.5, 22.1])
Malaria treatment in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 34 (16.7% [11.9, 22.6])
Other medications in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 66 (32.5% [26.1, 39.4])
Saponé (Burkina Faso) Overall N 600
Age, mean years (SD) 4.01 (2.74)
Male, n (%) 315 (52.5%)
Female, n (%) 285 (47.5%)
6 months–4 years N 399
Rural area, n (% [95% CI]) 394 (98.7% [97.1, 99.6])
Fever in the last 24 h, n (% [95% CI]) 70 (17.5% [13.9, 21.6])
Malaria treatment in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 44 (11.0% [8.1, 14.5])
Other medications in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 56 (14.0% [10.8, 17.8])
5–9 years N 201
Rural area, n (% [95% CI]) 200 (99.5% [97.3, 100])
Fever in the last 24 h, n (% [95% CI]) 12 (6.0% [3.1, 10.2])
Malaria treatment in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 10 (5.0% [2.4, 9.0])
Other medications in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 12 (6.0% [3.1, 10.2])
Keur Socé (Senegal) Overall N 603
Age, mean years (SD) 4.12 (2.70)
Male, n (%) 321 (53.2%)
Female, n (%) 282 (46.8%)
6 months–4 years N 399
Rural area, n (% [95% CI]) 399 (100% [99.1, 100])
Fever in the last 24 h, n (% [95% CI]) 48 (12.0% [9.0, 15.6])
Malaria treatment in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 1 (0.3% [0.0, 1.4])
Other medications in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 31 (7.8% [5.3, 10.8])
5–9 years N 204
Rural area, n (% [95% CI]) 204 (100% [98.2, 100])
Fever in the last 24 h, n (% [95% CI]) 20 (9.8% [6.1, 14.7])
Malaria treatment in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 1 (0.5% [0.0, 2.7])
Other medications in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 8 (3.9% [1.7, 7.6])
Niakhar (Senegal) Overall N 608
Age, mean years (SD) 3.98 (2.76)
Male, n (%) 315 (51.8%)
Female, n (%) 293 (48.2%)
6 months–4 years N 409
Rural area, n (% [95% CI]) 408 (99.8% [98.6, 100])
Fever in the last 24 h, n (% [95% CI]) 37 (9.0% [6.4, 12.3])
Malaria treatment in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 5 (1.2% [0.4, 2.8])
Other medications in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 56 (13.7% [10.5, 17.4])
5–9 years N 199
Rural area, n (% [95% CI]) 199 (100% [98.2, 100])
Fever in the last 24 h, n (% [95% CI]) 11 (5.5% [2.8, 9.7])
Malaria treatment in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 2 (1.0% [0.1, 3.6])
  Other medications in past 14 days, n (% [95% CI]) 13 (6.5% [3.5, 10.9])
  1. N total number of participants, SD standard deviation, n (%) number (percentage) of participants in a given category, M months, Y years, 95% CI 95% confidence interval