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Table 3 Distribution of the knock-down rate observed in localities where there were several resistance mechanisms (kdr + metabolic resistance)

From: WHO cone bio-assays of classical and new-generation long-lasting insecticidal nets call for innovative insecticides targeting the knock-down resistance mechanism in Benin

Strains LLINs N mosquito tested KD after 60 min 95% CI Mortality (%)
Agblangandan LifeNet 53 50.94 [36.83–64.96] 15.09
Olyset Net 54 20.75 [10.84–34.11] 07.4
Olyset Plus 55 50.91 [37.07–64.65] 34.72
PermaNet 2.0 47 36.17 [22.67–51.58] 17.02
PermaNet 3.0 66 60.61 [47.80–72.42] 65.15
Ladji LifeNet 57 85.96 [74.2–93.74] 47.36
Olyset Net 57 50.88 [37.28–64.37] 40.35
Olyset Plus 56 42.86 [29.71–56.78] 41.07
PermaNet 2.0 50 66 [51.23–78.79] 14
PermaNet 3.0 69 88.41 [78.42–94.86] 44.93
Akron LifeNet 52 30.77 [18.71–45.1] 15.38
Olyset Net 54 31.48 [19.52–45.55] 5.56
Olyset Plus 55 74.55 [60.99–85.33] 25.45
PermaNet 2.0 61 70.49 [57.43–81.84] 54.09
PermaNet 3.0 82 81.71 [71.63–89.38] 89.02
Parakou LifeNet 51 43.14 [29.34–57.75] 09.80
Olyset Net 52 26.92 [15.56–4 1.02] 07.69
Olyset Plus 50 66 [51.23–78.79] 28
Permanet 2.0 56 39.29 [26.49–53.25] 37.50
Permanet 3.0 88 98.86 [93.83–99.97] 82.95
Houeyiho LifeNet 54 61.11 [46.87–74.08] 14.81
Olyset Net 52 23.08 [12.53–36.84] 3.84
Olyset Plus 59 49.15 [35.89–62.5] 23.72
Permanet 2.0 54 46.3 [32.62–60.39] 22.22
Permanet 3.0 65 73.85 [61.46–83.97] 61.54
Tanguieta LifeNet
Olyset Net
Olyset Plus 51 74.51 [60.36–85.67] 56.86
PermaNet 2.0 62 75.81 [63.25–85.78] 32.26
PermaNet 3.0 86 100 [88.78–100] 78.82
  1. N number, KD knock-down, min minutes, CI confidence interval, h hours