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Table 2 Characteristics of children, female head of household respondents, and households in Zambézia Province and across three focus districts

From: Prevalence and determinants of malaria among children in Zambézia Province, Mozambique

  All Province Alto Molócuè Morrumbala Namacurra
(n = 2540) (n = 781) (n = 522) (n = 416)
Sex of child
 Male (%) 50.2 47.5 43.3 49.2
 Female (%) 49.8 52.5 56.7 50.8
Age of child (months) 24 (12–36) 24 (12–36) 24 (12–36) 24 (12–36)
Weight (kg) 10.9 (9.2–13) 10.2 (8.5–12.1) 10.2 (8.5–12.5) 11 (9.5–13.4)
 Missing, n (%) 1119 (44) 596 (76) 313 (60) 153 (37)
Weight for age WHO Z-score
 Missing, n (%) 1191 (47) 604 (77) 331 (63) 169 (41)
 ≤−3 (%) 4.6 1.4 5.6 5.3
 −2.99 to −2 (%) 10.5 9.2 10.3 8.9
 −1.99 to −1 (%) 19.9 29.9 16.9 19.1
 >−1 (%) 65.0 59.5 67.2 66.7
Age of respondent (years) 26 (22–33) 26 (22–33) 28 (22–38) 27 (21–33)
 Missing, n (%) 120 (5) 13 (2) 51 (10) 26 (6)
Education of respondent (years) 3 (0–5) 4 (2–6) 1 (0–2) 2 (0–5)
Education of respondent (category) (years)
 0–5 (%) 77.2 73.0 93.1 77.3
 6–10 (%) 18.7 25.9 6.6 20.3
 >10 (%) 4.1 1.1 0.3 2.3
Respondent understands Portuguese (%) 47.3 63.5 19.0 40.1
Urban/rural
 Rural (%) 77.5 89.7 96.0 100.0
 Urban (%) 22.5 10.3 4.0 0.0
Household size 5 (4–6) 5 (4–6) 5 (4–6) 4 (4–5)
Number of children under 5 years 2 (1–2) 2 (1–2) 2 (1–2) 2 (1–2)
Ethnic groupa
 Elomwe (%) 27.8 52.5 2.0 0.5
 Echuabo (%) 12.1 0.1 1.3 81.2
 Cisena (%) 7.1 0.0 67.2 0.2
 Cinyanja (%) 10.1 0.0 0.9 0.0
 Other (%) 7.2 0.0 11.4 0.5
 Missing 895 (35%) 375 (48%) 126 (24%) 85 (20%)
Household income (sum of all members’ monthly earnings)
 Missing, n (%) 613 (24) 58 (7) 90 (17) 133 (32)
 <1000 MZN per month (%) 82.6 63.4 75.5 92.9
 ≥1000 MZN per month (%) 17.4 36.6 24.5 7.1
Roofing material
 Missing, n (%) 784 (31) 283 (36) 187 (36) 139 (33)
 Thatch (%) 78.7 84.8 93.3 83.2
 Other (%) 21.3 15.2 6.7 16.8
Electricity in the home (%) 11.4 7.5 4.0 0.7
Does the family raise pigs (%) 9.2 28.4 32.7 1.1
 Missing, n (%) 128 (5) 21 (3) 9 (2) 18 (4)
EA distance to health facility (km) 9.3 (4–16.8) 11.8 (6.1–17.8) 10.7 (5.5–20.5) 6.2 (4–8)
  1. Continuous variables are reported as weighted estimates of median (interquartile range), with each observation being weighted by the inverse of the child sampling probability
  2. Categorical variables are reported as weighted percentages, with each observation being weighted by the inverse of the child sampling probability
  3. aRespondents were allowed to select all that apply, so totals may add up to greater than 100%. Missing indicates no category was selected or documented