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Table 4 Prevalence of fever, healthcare utilization, and malaria among children in Zambézia Province and across three focus districts

From: Prevalence and determinants of malaria among children in Zambézia Province, Mozambique

  All Province Alto Molócuè Morrumbala Namacurra p value*
(n = 2540) (n = 781) (n = 522) (n = 416)
Fever in the past 30 days      <0.001
 Missing, n (%) 39 (2) 24 (3) 4 (1) 1 (<1)  
 No (%) 56.6 53.6 61.6 50.6  
 Yes (%) 43.4 46.4 38.4 49.4  
Sought advice or treatment for the fever (if fever) 72.5% 78.4% 79.2% 69.6% 0.47
Source of medical care (if sought advice)      <0.001
 Missing, n (%) 269 (25) 75 (21) 49 (23) 56 (28)  
 Family member (%) 2.8 7.6 3.0 0.0  
 Health facility (%) 91.3 87.1 86.0 93.1  
 Other (%) 1.1 2.0 3.1 1.1  
 Pharmacy (%) 0.1 0.8 0.0 2.1  
 Traditional healer (%) 4.7 2.5 8.0 3.8  
Malaria diagnostic performed (if health facility)      
Rapid diagnostic test (RDT)      0.003
 Missing, n (%) 19 (3) 14 (6) 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 No (%) 34.5 25.8 32.5 35.0  
 Yes (%) 65.5 74.2 67.5 65.0  
Blood smear      0.025
 Missing, n (%) 27 (4) 17 (7) 1 (1) 2 (2)  
 No (%) 41.4 32.0 35.0 41.1  
 Yes (%) 58.6 68.0 65.0 58.9  
Either RDT or smear      0.003
 Missing, n (%) 19 (3) 14 (6) 0 (0) 0 (0)  
 No (%) 33.4 24.2 28.6 34.4  
 Yes (%) 66.6 75.8 71.4 65.6  
Positive test result for malaria (if test performed)      0.18
 Missing, n (%) 4 (1) 1 (1) 0 (0) 2 (2)  
 No (%) 32.7 33.6 30.4 19.6  
 Yes (%) 67.3 66.4 69.6 80.4  
Estimated prevalence of malaria 12.8% 15.9% 13.6% 16.8% <0.001
  1. Continuous variables are reported as weighted estimates of median (interquartile range), with each observation being weighted by the inverse of the child sampling probability
  2. Categorical variables are reported as weighted percentages, with each observation being weighted by the inverse of the child sampling probability
  3. * Chi square tests comparing across three focus districts. p values ignore effects of clustering