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Table 2 Descriptive analysis of the results of the biochemical assays performed on An. stephensi populations from Afghanistan in 2016

From: Evidence of metabolic mechanisms playing a role in multiple insecticides resistance in Anopheles stephensi populations from Afghanistan

  N Mean Std. deviation Std. error 95% confidence interval for mean Minimum Maximum
Lower bound Upper bound
Descriptives
 Alpha 1.0 90 0.000606935 0.0002243546 0.0000236491 0.000559945 0.000653926 0.0000613 0.0012599
2.0 90 0.000882944 0.0004391187 0.0000462872 0.000790972 0.000974915 0.0001749 0.0026900
3.0 90 0.001281330 0.0004898449 0.0000516342 0.001178734 0.001383926 0.0004359 0.0025958
Total 270 0.000923736 0.0004865769 0.0000296121 0.000865435 0.000982037 0.0000613 0.0026900
 Beta 1.0 90 0.000560930 0.0002256270 0.0000237832 0.000513674 0.000608187 0.0000217 0.0012485
2.0 90 0.000912961 0.0005289397 0.0000557551 0.000802176 0.001023745 0.0000624 0.0027933
3.0 90 0.001039151 0.0003281376 0.0000345887 0.000970423 0.001107878 0.0004121 0.0018416
Total 270 0.000837681 0.0004314334 0.0000262562 0.000785987 0.000889374 0.0000217 0.0027933
 GST 1.0 90 0.094644126 0.0445931787 0.0047005338 0.085304266 0.103983987 0.0057680 0.2404168
2.0 90 0.125687826 0.0334270256 0.0035235179 0.118686671 0.132688981 0.0602100 0.1936805
3.0 90 0.170861991 0.0906375391 0.0095540355 0.151878326 0.189845656 0.0100789 0.4758752
Total 270 0.130397981 0.0687645517 0.0041848773 0.122158703 0.138637260 0.0057680 0.4758752
 P450s 1.0 90 0.000056364 0.0000468496 0.0000049384 0.000046551 0.000066176 0.0000001 0.0002452
2.0 90 0.000126040 0.0000635588 0.0000066997 0.000112728 0.000139352 0.0000297 0.0003423
3.0 90 0.000143667 0.0000744365 0.0000078463 0.000128077 0.000159257 0.0000215 0.0004290
Total 270 0.000108690 0.0000729523 0.0000044397 0.000099949 0.000117431 0.0000001 0.0004290
 pNPA 1.0 90 0.180557226 0.1103588829 0.0116328477 0.157443005 0.203671446 0.0018530 0.5062369
2.0 90 0.292412987 0.2596860355 0.0273733116 0.238022800 0.346803174 0.0043444 1.6858418
3.0 90 0.316713874 0.1764954792 0.0186042570 0.279747611 0.353680136 0.0454042 0.7121251
Total 270 0.263228029 0.2004405133 0.0121984212 0.239211509 0.287244548 0.0018530 1.6858418
 aAChE 1.0 90 70.977705297 9.5683676804 1.0085945120 68.973649485 72.981761109 50.3058104 97.2588297
2.0 90 56.690061678 12.527164551 1.3204792875 54.066297460 59.313825895 9.8746867 84.2042755
3.0 90 51.579518613 23.323592773 2.4585221776 46.694487414 56.464549812 0.1056745 98.8008065
Total 270 59.749095196 18.161457650 1.1052703914 57.573014562 61.925175830 0.1056745 98.8008065
  1. 1 Beech susceptible strain, 2 Kunar population, 3 Nangarhar population, alpha alpha esterase, beta beta esterase, GST glutathione S-transferase, P450s cytochrome P450s, pNPA para nitrophenyl acetate