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Table 3 Local CDC staff’s perceptions of malaria control and prevention

From: Perceptions of malaria control and prevention in an era of climate change: a cross-sectional survey among CDC staff in China

  Anhui Henan Yunnan Statistics p
Yes
N (%)
Unsure
N (%)
No
N (%)
Yes
N (%)
Unsure
N (%)
No
N (%)
Yes
N (%)
Unsure
N (%)
No
N (%)
Is the number of mosquitoes increased? 81 (53.0) 38 (24.8) 34 (22.2) 106 (47.5) 56 (25.1) 61 (27.4) 95 (56.9) 40 (23.9) 32 (19.2) χ2 = 4.57 0.335
Are mosquito-borne diseases increased? 52 (34.2) 53 (34.9) 47 (30.9) 98 (42.8) 69 (30.1) 62 (27.1) 91 (55.2) 41 (24.8) 33 (20.0) χ2 = 14.49 0.006
Would you attribute these to climate change 38 (58.5) 23 (35.4) 4 (6.1) 70 (47.3) 72 (48.6) 6 (4.1) 55 (61.1) 24 (26.7) 11 (12.2) Fisher’s exact 0.005
Are there vector control programmes in place? 107 (71.3) 31 (20.7) 12 (8.0) 175 (76.4) 47 (20.5) 7 (3.1) 107(64.1) 41 (24.5) 19 (11.4) χ2 = 12.83 0.012
Has malaria re-emerged in this area in recent years? 51 (39.8) 39 (30.5) 38 (29.7) 105 (57.4) 60 (32.8) 18 (9.8) 77 (55.4) 46 (33.1) 16 (11.5) χ2 = 26.24 <0.001
Are some malaria outbreaks occurring in new geographic areas? 21 (17.4) 72 (59.5) 28 (23.1) 65 (35.9) 95 (52.5) 21 (11.6) 51 (36.7) 70 (50.4) 18 (12.9) χ2 = 18.23 0.001
Are some outbreaks occurring at unusual times of the year? 24 (20.0) 71 (59.2) 25 (20.8) 48 (26.8) 99 (55.3) 32 (17.9) 47 (33.8) 76 (54.7) 16 (11.5) χ2 = 8.43 0.077
Have current prevention methods and the National Malaria Programme been effective in reducing incidence in this area? 99 (80.5) 23 (18.7) 1 (0.8) 127 (70.2) 54 (29.8) 0 96 (69.0) 40 (28.8) 3 (2.2) Fisher’s exact 0.034
Is the population in general well informed about how to reduce the risk of malaria? 86 (70.5) 30 (24.6) 6 (4.9) 118 (64.8) 51 (28.0) 13 (7.2) 81 (58.3) 46 (33.1) 12 (8.6) χ2 = 4.49 0.343