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Table 2 Availability of anti-malarial and malaria blood testing among the private outlets

From: The malaria testing and treatment landscape in Benin

  Private for-profit facility Pharmacy General retailer Itinerant drug vendor Total private sectora
% (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI)
Among all screened outlets: N = 262 N = 176 N = 5622 N = 632 N = 6724
 Availability of any anti-malarial 85.8 (77.6, 91.3) 94.6 (76.5, 99.0) 27.5 (21.9, 34.0) 67.7 (38.8, 87.4) 33.3 (30.2, 36.7)
Among anti-malarial stocking outlets, availability of: N = 222 N = 170 N = 1388 N = 468 N = 2278
 Quality-assured ACT 36.4 (23.0, 52.2) 90.0 (75.0, 96.5) 35.4 (27.9, 43.8) 34.2 (22.3, 48.4) 36.1 (27.7, 45.5)
 Quality-assured AL 35.9 (22.7, 51.6) 89.5 (74.9, 96.1) 35.1 (27.5, 43.6) 34.2 (22.3, 48.4) 35.9 (27.5, 45.3)
 Quality ACT with the ‘green leaf’ logo 25.0 (15.5, 37.6) 0.1 (0.0, 0.8) 33.2 (25.7, 41.7) 28.9 (17.1, 44.6) 31.3 (23.0, 41.0)
 Non quality-assured ACT 19.3 (13.3, 27.2) 100.0 (–) 12.7 (8.4, 18.9) 13.0 (7.5, 21.6) 14.8 (10.6, 20.3)
 Sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine 24.6 (16.2, 35.5) 56.6 (39.5, 72.3) 29.4 (19.8, 41.4) 68.1 (42.9, 85.8) 36.4 (22.1, 53.7)
 Oral quinine 70.5 (64.0, 76.3) 67.6 (46.7, 83.2) 34.3 (21.1, 50.5) 60.1 (36.1, 80.1) 42.5 (26.1, 60.7)
 Chloroquine 11.1 0.0 (–) 71.3 (54.7, 83.6) 38.4 (19.0, 62.4) 59.2 (39.9, 76.1)
 Other non-artemisinin 3.4 (1.3, 8.4) 15.6 (8.6, 26.6) 2.1 (1.3, 3.4) 8.6 (5.7, 12.8) 3.6 (2.1, 6.0)
 Oral artemisinin monotherapy 0.0 (–) 0.0 (–) 0.0 (–) 0.0 (–) 0.0 (–)
 Artesunate injection 1.5 (0.5, 4.3) 23.9 (14.5, 36.8) 0.0 (–) 0.0 (–) 0.5 (0.2, 0.9)
 Artemether injection 28.8 (19.9, 39.7) 70.3 (55.5, 81.8) 0.8 (0.3, 2.2) 0.0 (–) 4.1 (2.9, 5.8)
 Quinine injection 82.7 (75.7, 88.0) 30.4 (19.0, 44.9) 1.7 (0.8, 3.7) 0.0 (–) 8.7 (6.4, 11.8)
Among outlets stocking anti-malarials today or within the past 3 months, availability of: N = 233 N = 170 N = 1530 N = 496 N = 2459
Any diagnostic test 39.2 (30.6, 48.5) 5.0 (1.4, 16.0) 0.1 (0.0, 0.3) 0.0 (–) 3.3 (2.3, 4.7)
Malaria microscopy 17.9 (8.7, 33.2) 0.0 (–) 0.0 (–) 0.0 (–) 1.5 (0.8, 2.8)
RDT 26.1 (16.8, 38.3) 5.0 (1.4, 16.0) 0.1 (0.0, 0.3) 0.0 (–) 2.2 (1.3, 3.8)
  1. aTotal private sector includes 32 drug stores