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Table 1 Nationwide percentage change of malaria and non-malaria related indicators in post-scale-up years compared to pre-scale-up period, by age, 88 hospitals, in a given number of health facilities with complete data 2005–2015, Ghana

From: Effect of anti-malarial interventions on trends of malaria cases, hospital admissions and deaths, 2005–2015, Ghana

No of HFs Indicator All ages Under 5
Baseline Observed values Observed relative change (%) Predicted relative change compared to baseline (%) Baseline Observed values Observed relative change (%) Predicted relative change compared to baseline (%)
Ave (2005−2010) P1 2015 P1 2015 P1 2015 P1 Ave (2005−2010) P1 2015 P1 2015 P1 2015 1
88 Outpatient malaria cases 635,161 581,906 −8 −57 (−66 to −47) 145,419 155,677 7 −50 (−63 to −32)
Malaria admissions 60,070 91,425 52 −39 (−63 to 0) 26,274 38,857 48 −46 (−75 to 19)
Malaria deaths 1229 632 −49 −65 (−75 to −52) 569 234 −59 −70 (−82 to −49)
Anaemia inpatients 10,611 24,004 126 1 (−68 to 221) 5082 9245 82 −17 (−75 to 179)
Anaemia deaths 456 672 47 38 (−19 to 135) 178 158 −11 −24 (−63 to 59)
70 Tested (Mic) 247,750 374,394 51 −22 (−54 to 34) 85,514 129,092 51  
Positive (Mic) 87,610 92,383 5 −53 (−69 to −28) 29,859 32,476 9  
Test positivity rate (mic) 35 25 −30 −41 (−57 to −19) 36 25 −29  
88 Proportion of outpatients 36 23 −36 −32 (−42 to −21) 54 35 −35 −30 (−37 to −21)
Proportion of inpatients 25 21 −17 −41 (−54 to −23) 53 32 −39 −49 (−57 to −40)
Proportion of deaths 15 7 −52 −61 (−70 to −48) 28 12 −56 −59 (−72 to −40)
Non-malaria outpatient 1706,037 2439,358 43 −8 (−28 to 17) 237,858 409,470 72 −28 (−48 to 1)
Non-malaria inpatients 174,948 344,964 97 24 (−11 to 72) 23,071 80,890 251 94 (−7 to 303)
Non-malaria deaths 7175 8340 16 −1 (−23 to 28) 1497 1697 13 −8 (−36 to 32)
  1. CI with symbol “†” is statistically significant