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Table 2 Factors associated with malaria parasitaemia

From: Factors associated with malaria parasitaemia among children under 5 years in Uganda: a secondary data analysis of the 2014 Malaria Indicator Survey dataset

Variables Malaria parasitaemia by microscopy Odds ratio (95% CI) p-value
Negative, N = 3992 Positive, N = 938 Crude OR Adjusted ORa
Age categories (months)
 0–6 451 (91.97) 39 (8.03) 1 1  
 7–12 437 (88.92) 54 (11.08) 1.43 (0.95–2.14) 1.62 (1.04–2.52) 0.033*
 13–24 827 (84.03) 157 (15.97) 2.18 (1.51–3.13) 2.20 (1.47–3.29) 0.001*
 25–36 767 (77.89) 218 (22.11) 3.25 (2.22–4.76) 3.47 (2.32–5.20) 0.001*
 37–48 844 (78.03) 238 (21.97) 3.23 (2.27–4.58) 3.69 (2.47–5.50) 0.001*
 49–59 665 (74.11) 232 (25.89) 4.00 (2.72–5.88) 4.01 (2.57–6.45) 0.001*
Gender
 Male 1936 (80.99) 454 (19.01)    
 Female 2056 (80.94) 484 (19.06) 1.00 (0.82–1.22) 1.04 (0.82–1.32) 0.764
Residence
 Urban 730 (93.65) 50 (6.35)    
 Rural 3261 (78.58) 889 (21.42) 4.02 (1.87–8.65) 1.74 (0.92–3.29) 0.089
Use of LLIN
 No 1056 (83.72) 205 (16.28)    
 Yes 2936 (80.01) 733 (19.99) 1.29 (1.02–1.62) 1.33 (1.04–1.71) 0.026*
IRS use
 No 3742 (80.35) 915 (19.65)    
 Yes 2447 (92.77) 19 (7.23) 0.32 (0.12–0.83) 0.23 (0.08–0.61) 0.004*
Mother’s education
 No education 549 (72.70) 206 (27.30) 1 1  
 Primary 2036 (80.98) 478 (19.02) 0.63 (0.50–0.79) 0.75 (0.59–0.96) 0.023*
 Secondary 660 (90.12) 72 (9.88) 0.29 (0.21–0.40) 0.61 (0.43–0.86) 0.005*
 Tertiary 133 (98.92) 1 (1.08) 0.03 (0.01–0.13) 0.11 (0.02–0.53) 0.006*
Mother heard malaria message
 No 1266 (77.63) 365 (22.37)    
 Yes 2315 (83.28) 465 (16.72) 0.70 (0.56–0.86) 0.78 (0.62–0.99) 0.037*
Household wealth
 Poorest 799 (72.11) 309 (27.89) 1 1  
 Poorer 831 (77.07) 247 (22.89) 0.77 (0.58–1.02) 0.70 (0.50–0.99) 0.043*
 Middle 774 (77.44) 225 (22.56) 0.75 (0.53–1.07) 0.75 (0.50–1.12) 0.157
 Richer 784 (86.26) 124 (13.56) 0.41 (0.29–0.59) 0.40 (0.27–0.61) 0.001*
 Richest 804 (96.16) 32 (3.84) 0.10 (0.06–0.18) 0.17 (0.08–0.36) 0.001*
  1. * p ≤ 0.05
  2. a Factors adjusted for included age, gender, residence, use of LLIN, use of IRS, mother’s education, if mother heard a malaria message, and household wealth