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Table 2 Treatment policy for uncomplicated malaria

From: Malaria in Brazil, Colombia, Peru and Venezuela: current challenges in malaria control and elimination

Parasite Brazil Colombia Peru Venezuela
P. vivax CQ + PQ
PQ at 0.50 mg/kg/day for 7 days (adopted 2006)
CQ + PQ
PQ at 0.25 mg/kg/day for 14 days (adopted 1960s)
CQ + PQ
PQ at 0.50 mg/kg for 7 days
CQ + PQ
PQ at 0.25 mg/kg/day for 14 days (adopted 2004)
P. falciparum AL + PQ(1d), Amazona; AS + MQ + PQ(1d) (adopted 2012) non-Amazon areas
PQ 0.75 mg/kg given on first day of ACT, changing soon to 0.25 mg/kg on first day of ACT
AL twice daily for 3 days; blisters 1.7 mg/kg artemether and 12 mg/kg lumefantrine per dose (adopted 2010) AS + MQ (adopted 2001) + PQ 0.75 mg/kg single dose on last day of ACT (adopted 2015) [52] AS + MQ + PQ (adopted 2004)
  1. From [1]
  2. P. vivax: Plasmodium vivax; P. falciparum: Plasmodium falciparum; AS: artesunate; AL: artemether–lumefantrine; CQ: chloroquine; MQ: mefloquine; PQ: primaquine; ACT: artemisinin-based combination therapy
  3. aExpected to change soon to AS + MQ + PQ