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Table 2 Health policies and their outcome to malaria control practices in Zimbabwe from 1997 to 2003

From: Progress towards malaria elimination in Zimbabwe with special reference to the period 2003–2015

Policy Year Outcome
Zimbabwe National Health Strategy 1997–2007 Disease prevention and health promotion prioritised
National Malaria Prevention and control policy 2001–2007 In line with the Zimbabwe National Health Strategy, malaria prevention and control as a crucial element to improve health status of the general populations prioritised
National Malaria Control Programme Strategy 2008–2013 extended to 2017 Universal access of malaria control interventions concept, and the global and regional goal for malaria elimination adopted and implemented
Insecticide Treated Net Policy 2003 revised 2006 Only nets with treatment kits were procured and distributed by the Zimbabwe’s NMCP and partners
Zimbabwe Insecticide Nets Implementation Strategy 2009 Only LLINs are being procured and distributed by the Zimbabwe’s NMCP and partners
Spray operator’s manual 2007 Spray operators’ training standardised
Malaria treatment guidelines 2007 All malaria suspected cases parasitological confirmed with either RDT or microscopy before treatment, and free malaria treatment in the government sector implemented
Malaria monitoring and evaluation plan 2008–2013 Implementation of malaria control programmes standardised
Community-based health worker’s policy 2010 Treatment of uncomplicated malaria after parasitological diagnosis using RDTs at village level by community-based health workers was authorised
National Malaria Communication Strategy 2007–2015 Malaria coordination and communication roles centralised to the NMCP