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Table 2 Proportion of fevers and malaria cases in the three study villages

From: Deployment and use of mobile phone technology for real-time reporting of fever cases and malaria treatment failure in areas of declining malaria transmission in Muheza district north-eastern Tanzania

Variable Number attended N (%) Fevera (≥37.5 °C) n (%) Malaria by RDT n (%) Malaria by microscopy n (%) Cases of fever with malariab, c n (%)
Villages
 Mamboleo 526 (29.6) 151 (28.7) 217 (41.3) 202 (38.4) 78 (51.7)
 Magoda 626 (35.2) 251 (40.1) 324 (51.8) 299 (47.8) 135 (53.8)
 Mpapayu 626 (35.2) 183 (29.2) 319 (51.0) 297 (47.4) 107 (58.5)
 Test statistics, χ2 (p value)   22.7 (p < 0.001) 15.3 (p < 0.001) 12.7 (0.02) 1.7 (0.428)
Gender
 Male 779 (45.0) 283 (35.4) 409 (51.2) 377 (47.2) 178 (61.5)
 Female 979 (55.0) 297 (30.3) 451 (46.1) 421 (43.0) 179 (60.3)
 Test statistics, χ2 (p value)   5.2 (0.023) 4.6 (0.032) 3.1 (0.07) 0.08 (0.76)
Age group
 <1 46 (2.6) 32 (69.6) 5 (10.9) 5 (10.9) 4 (12.5)
 1–4 263 (14.8) 124 (47.2) 102 (38.8) 81 (30.8) 51 (40.5)
 5–9 409 (23.0) 180 (44.1) 265 (64.8) 240 (58.7) 118 (68.2)
 10–14 355 (20.0) 127 (35.8) 217 (61.1) 208 (58.6) 87 (68.0)
 15–19 119 (6.7) 28 (23.5) 71 (59.7) 68 (57.1) 23 (82.1)
 20+ 586 (33.0) 89 (15.2) 200 (34.0) 196 (33.5) 37 (41.1)
 Test statistics, χ2 (p value)   165 (<0.001) 156 (<0.001) 139.2 (<0.001) 66.5 (<0.001)
  1. aFever at presentation (axillary temperature 37.5 °C)
  2. bDenominator were cases with fever at presentation
  3. cMalaria parasites detected by microscopy