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Table 3 Association between test status, ACT, and confidence in ACT

From: Household beliefs about malaria testing and treatment in Western Kenya: the role of health worker adherence to malaria test results

  Outcome: odds of taking ACT Outcome: odds respondent believed ACT “very likely” effective in treating malaria
OR AOR OR AOR
(1) (2) (3) (4)
A. Tested positive for malaria 3.37** [2.21, 5.15] 3.41** [2.23, 5.21] 1.35 [0.76, 2.42] 1.25 [0.63, 2.50]
B. Tested negative for malaria 0.41** [0.27, 0.62] 0.45** [0.28, 0.71] 0.33** [0.17, 0.65] 0.29** [0.13, 0.63]
C. Not tested for malaria Ref. Group Ref. Group Ref. Group Ref. Group
Includes controls   X   X
Mean of outcome in reference group 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
P value: (A = B) 0 0 0 0
Number of observations 1062 1041 818 806
  1. Table shows logistic regression results of the association between test status and ACT use (columns 1 and 2), and beliefs about ACT effectiveness (columns 3 and 4). Columns 3 and 4 are limited to individuals who were treated with ACT. The controls in Columns 2 and 4 include the following: the wealth of the household (defined as the first component from a principal component analysis of household characteristics and assets), the education level of the respondent (no education, some primary education, or some secondary education), the sick individual’s age and gender, and the time it takes for the household to travel to the nearest health facility. All coefficients are expressed in terms of odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals are in brackets. Standard errors are adjusted for clustering by community unit. ** P < 0.01