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Table 4 Association between malaria beliefs, testing and ACT use

From: Household beliefs about malaria testing and treatment in Western Kenya: the role of health worker adherence to malaria test results

  Outcome: respondent said illness was “very likely” malaria
A. Tested positive for malaria, not treated with ACT 2.83** [1.45, 5.53] 2.75** [1.41, 5.38]
B. Tested negative for malaria, not treated with ACT 0.42** [0.22, 0.81] 0.37** [0.18, 0.73]
C. Not tested for malaria, treated with ACT 3.34** [1.63,6.85] 3.42** [1.65,7.10]
D. Tested positive for malaria, treated with ACT 6.41** [3.63,11.31] 6.32** [3.62,11.01]
E. Tested negative for malaria, treated with ACT 1.24 [0.63, 2.48] 1.18 [0.62, 2.25]
F. Not tested for malaria, not treated with ACT Ref. Group Ref. Group
Includes controls   X
P value: A = D 0.001 0.003
P value: B = E 0 0
Proportion believed illness “very likely” malaria in reference group 0.346 0.346
Number of observations 1046 1025
  1. Table shows logistic regression results of the association between both test status and ACT use and beliefs about malaria likelihood. The controls in column 2 include the following: the wealth of the household (defined as the first component from a principal component analysis of household characteristics and assets), the education level of the respondent (no education, some primary education, or some secondary education), the sick individual’s age and gender, and the time it takes for the household to travel to the nearest health facility. All coefficients are expressed in terms of odds ratios and confidence intervals are in brackets. Standard errors are adjusted for clustering by community unit. ** P < 0.01