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Table 2 Hierarchical mixed effects logistic regression model odds ratios of at least an ANC visit among women in the reproductive age (15–49 years) who had at a least a live birth, 5 years preceding the survey in Western Kenya in 2015 Kenya (N = 2776)

From: Spatial models for the rational allocation of routinely distributed bed nets to public health facilities in Western Kenya

Variable Description OR (95% CI)
Fixed effect
 Time Time to the nearest health facility 0.98 (0.95–1.00)
 Household wealth Poorest Ref
  Poorer 1.53 (0.85–2.75)
  Middle 5.13 (2.12–12.44)
  Rich 8.43 (2.08–34.21)
  Richest 7.47 (0.81–68.67)
 Maternal education No education Ref
  Primary 2.79 (0.87–8.90)
  Secondary and above 7.16 (1.70–30.17)
 Parity 1 child Ref
  2–3 children 0.35 (0.11–1.07)
  4–6 children 0.16 (0.05–0.51)
  7+ children 0.19 (0.05–0.68)
 Marital status Married or living with partner Ref
  Divorced or separated or widowed 0.37 (0.18–0.77)
  Never in union 0.05 (0.02–0.14)
Random effect Variance Standard deviation
Cluster 1.1480 1.0714
Counties/DHS region 0.000005 0.0022