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Table 5 Effects of the iCCM intervention on provision of ACTs, amoxicillin DT and diarrhea treatment and uptake of diagnostic testing for febrile childhood conditions among U5 children at drug shops in South Western Uganda from 2013 to 2014; difference-in-difference analysis of data from care-seeker exit interviews

From: Integrated community case management by drug sellers influences appropriate treatment of paediatric febrile illness in South Western Uganda: a quasi-experimental study

  Observed percentage Effect estimate of the iCCM intervention
Intervention arm Comparison arm Change in percentage 95% CI p value
Child cases with fever, pneumonia symptoms and diarrhea
 Pre-intervention n = 212 n = 216    
 Post-intervention n = 285 n = 268    
Provision of ACT, amoxicillin DT and diarrhea treatment
 Provision of ACTs for suspected uncomplicated malaria    
  Pre-intervention 46.2 32.0 24.8 − 3.3, 51.1 0.090
  Post-intervention 92.6 53.6
 Provision of DT amoxicillin for suspected pneumonia symptoms
  Pre-intervention 4.8 3.1 91.5 82.5, 100.5 < 0.001
  Post-intervention 93.2 0
 Provision of diarrhea treatment for non-bloody diarrhea
  Pre-intervention 65.3 49.0 17.1 − 22.3, 53.7 0.397
  Post-intervention 58.0 24.6
Uptake of diagnostic testing for uncomplicated malaria, pneumonia symptoms and fever
 Malaria RDTs
  Pre-intervention 18.5 23.6 52.6 27.3, 77.9 < 0.001
  Post-intervention 47.8 0.39
 Respiratory timer
  Pre-intervention 0 0 60.1 47.6, 72.6 < 0.001
  Post-intervention 60.1 0
 Thermometer
  Pre-intervention 8.5 32.4 41.2 19.4, 63.0 0.001
  Post-intervention 28.3 10.9
 No investigations done
  Pre-intervention 53.6 43.5 − 53.5 − 93.9, − 13.3 0.013
  Post-intervention 13.8 57.2