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Table 2 Multivariate linear regression analysis showing the relationship between outpatient attendance and the presence of CCM and RCD interventions for 2012–2013

From: Shifting the burden or expanding access to care? Assessing malaria trends following scale-up of community health worker malaria case management and reactive case detection

Factor Categorization Percent change (95% confidence interval) p value
Community malaria treatment Any CCM or RCD − 5.99% (− 10.62 to 1.37%) 0.011
District Choma Reference Reference
Itezhi-tezhi − 42.74% (− 92.23 to 6.75%) 0.091
Kalomo − 33.38% (− 64.63 to − 2.13%) 0.036
Kazungula − 26.43% (− 64.00 to 11.13%) 0.168
Mazabuka − 53.58% (− 87.90 to 19.26%) 0.002
Monze − 6.66% (− 39.68 to 26.36%) 0.693
Namwala 37.24% (− 4.53 to 79.01%) 0.081
Year 2012 Reference Reference
2013 24.29% (15.60 to 34.98%) < 0.001
Sinetime   26.07% (15.25 to 36.89%) < 0.001
Costime   − 8.41% (− 19.43 to 2.61%) 0.135
Type of health centre Rural health centre Reference Reference
Hospital affiliated health centre − 67.23% (− 125.6 to − 8.88%) 0.024
Hospital − 56.22% (− 113.3 to 0.87%) 0.054
Health post − 53.04% (− 82.72 to − 23.36%) < 0.001
Urban health centre 119.1% (81.79 to 156.4%) < 0.001
Enhanced vegetation index Below median Reference Reference
Above median − 5.97% (− 11.10–− 0.85%) 0.022
Monthly maximum daytime temperature Below median Reference Reference
Above median − 0.86% (− 5.94 to 4.23%) 0.741
Monthly maximum nighttime temperature Below median Reference Reference
Above median 10.06% (6.62 to 13.50%) < 0.001
Altitude Below median Reference Reference
Above median 25.79% (− 0.02 to 51.60%) 0.050
  1. N = 2978 observations, 138 health centres