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Table 2 Descriptive statistics for household-level characteristics of participants

From: Individual and household characteristics of persons with Plasmodium falciparum malaria in sites with varying endemicities in Kinshasa Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo

  Total RDT+ RDT− Χ2 p-value Total PCR+ PCR− Χ2 p-value
Total household population
 1–4 188 61 (33%) 127 (67%) 0.013 194 66 (34%) 128 (66%) 0.014
 5–8 782 226 (29%) 556 (71%)   771 261 (34%) 510 (66%)  
 9–12 410 91 (22%) 319 (78%)   368 96 (26%) 272 (74%)  
 13–18 211 49 (23%) 162 (77%)   224 58 (26%) 166 (74%)  
Glass windows
 Yes 207 5 (2%) 202 (98%) < 0.001 203 9 (4%) 194 (96%) < 0.001
 No 1384 422 (31%) 962 (69%)   1354 472 (35%) 882 (65%)  
Screen windows
 Yes 44 5 (11%) 39 (89%) 0.029 44 5 (11%) 39 (89%) 0.007
 No 1547 422 (27%) 1125 (73%)   1513 476 (32%) 1037 (68%)  
Open windows
 Yes 285 105 (37%) 180 (63%) < 0.001 278 122 (44%) 156 (56%) < 0.001
 No 1306 322 (25%) 984 (75%)   1279 359 (28%) 920 (72%)  
Electricity
 Yes 388 11 (3%) 377 (97%) < 0.001 384 15 (4%) 369 (96%) < 0.001
 No 1203 416 (35%) 787 (65%)   1173 466 (40%) 707 (60%)  
Household owns bed net
 Yes 1152 313 (27%) 839 (73%) 0.671 1128 344 (31%) 784 (69%) 0.626
 No 439 114 (26%) 325 (74%)   429 137 (32%) 292 (68%)  
Water in 2 min
 Yes 632 163 (26%) 469 (74%) 0.479 616 186 (30%) 430 (70%) 0.67
 No 959 264 (27%) 695 (73%)   941 295 (31%) 646 (69%)  
Type of water
 Stream 98 33 (34%) 65 (66%) 0.081 98 39 (40%) 59 (60%) 0.002
 Pond/lake 39 12 (31%) 27 (69%)   38 13 (34%) 25 (66%)  
 Swamp/marsh 57 22 (39%) 35 (61%)   57 28 (49%) 29 (51%)  
 Frequent puddles 264 74 (28%) 190 (72%)   254 85 (34%) 169 (66%)  
 NA/other 1133 286 (25%) 847 (75%)   1110 316 (29%) 794 (71%)  
  1. Statistically significant p-values are indicated in italic