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Table 1 Socio-demographic and household attributes and the percent population with malaria for the attributes

From: Socio-demographic and household attributes may not necessarily influence malaria: evidence from a cross sectional study of households in an urban slum setting of Chennai, India

Socio-demographic attributes Categories Number of surveyed population positive for the attributes (%) Number of malaria patients positive for the attributes (%) Number of non-malaria patients positive for the attributes (%) χ2, P value
n = 2471 n = 90 n = 2381
Gender Male 1256 48 (3.8) 1208 (96.2)  
Female 1215 42 (3.5) 1173 (96.5)  
Age group 1–4 years 122 1 (0.8) 121 (99.2)  
5–9 years 155 5 (3.2) 150 (96.8)  
10–17 years 237 15 (6.3) 222 (93.7)  
Above 18 years 1957 69 (3.5) 1888 (96.5)  
Occupation (away from home during day time-going either to work place or to educational institutions) Yes 1540 65 (4.2) 1475 (95.8) 3.898, 0.048
No 931 25 (2.7) 906 (97.3)
Household attributes Categories Number of surveyed households positive for the attributes (%) Number of malarious households positive for the attributes (%) Number of non-malarious households positive for the attributes (%) χ2, P value
n = 632 n = 71 n = 561
Vector control and prevention measures Fogging 419 49 (11.7) 370 (88.3)  
Antilarval 521 63 (12.1) 458 (87.9)  
Repellent use Houses which use at least one type of repellent (coils, vaporizers, mats) 346 34 (9.8) 312 (90.2)  
Houses using coil 49 9 (18.4) 40 (81.6)  
Houses using mat 8 1 (12.5) 9 (112.5)  
Houses using vaporizer 289 24 (8.3) 265 (91.7)  
Size of the family/household and type of resident Houses with inhabitants ≤ 3 227 9 (4) 218 (96) 18.772, < 0.001
Houses with inhabitants > 3 405 62 (15.3) 343 (84.7)
Residing in concrete houses 473 37 (7.8) 436 (92.2) 232.48, < 0.001
Residing in thatched houses 64 14 (21.9) 50 (78.1)
Residing in tiled houses 12 2 (16.7) 10 (83.3)
Residing in asbestos houses 78 18 (23.1) 60 (76.9)
Presence of a separate kitchen 450 41 (9.1) 409 (90.9) 12.506, 0.002
Presence of any animals/pets around household 202 28 (13.9) 174 (86.1)  
Presence and nature of breeding habitat Presence of breeding source 552 57 (10.3) 495 (89.7)  
Presence of breeding source with any mosquito breeding 143 9 (6.3) 134 (93.7) 4.524, 0.033
Presence of breeding source with vector immatures 101 3 (3) 98 (97) 8.232, 0.04
Presence of breeding source with at least one unapproachable habitat 455 45 (9.9) 410 (90.1)  
Presence of OHT 463 38 (8.2) 425 (91.8) 15.907, < 0.001
Presence of cisterns 34 9 (26.5) 25 (73.5) 8.365, 0.04