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Table 2 Study population characteristics by study site

From: Malaria knowledge and bed net use in three transmission settings in southern Africa

Variables Choma District N = 1761 Nchelenge District N = 3405 Mutasa District N = 2369 Total N = 7535 p valuea
n % n % n % n %
Age (years)          < 0.001
 < 5 383 21.8 670 19.7 402 17.0 1455 19.3  
 5–14 541 30.7 1022 30.0 533 22.5 2096 27.8  
 15–34 432 24.5 955 28.1 742 31.3 2129 28.3  
 ≥ 35 405 23.0 758 22.3 692 29.2 1855 24.6  
Gender          0.21
 Male 810 46.0 1530 44.9 1026 43.3 3366 44.7  
 Female 951 54.0 1875 55.1 1343 56.7 4169 55.3  
Education level of head of household          < 0.001
 Primary or less 990 56.2 2329 68.4 1051 44.4 4370 58.0  
 Secondary 709 40.3 1025 30.1 1112 46.9 2846 37.8  
 Tertiary 62 3.5 51 1.5 206 8.7 319 4.2  
Employment status of head of household          < 0.001
 Employed 132 7.5 229 6.7 1102 46.5 1463 19.4  
 Unemployed 1629 92.5 3172 93.3 1267 53.5 6068 80.6  
Household asset ownership
 Radio 1286 73.1 2190 64.3 1281 53.9 4757 63.1 < 0.001
 Television 480 27.3 242 7.1 670 28.2 1392 18.5 < 0.001
 Fridge 24 1.4 57 1.7 185 7.8 266 3.5 < 0.001
 Bicycle 1353 76.9 2391 70.2 634 26.7 4378 58.1 < 0.001
 Motorcycle 37 2.1 28 0.8 85 3.6 150 2.0 < 0.001
 Car or truck 136 7.7 5 0.1 212 8.9 353 4.7 < 0.001
Source of drinking water: piped water 16 2.0 17 1.0 390 28.0 423 11.1 < 0.001
Source of energy for cooking: electricity 4 0.5 22 1.3 104 7.5 130 3.4 < 0.001
Main material of floor: finished flooring 225 28.5 209 12.9 1229 88.4 1662 43.7 < 0.001
Number of household members          < 0.001
 1–2 93 5.3 596 17.5 454 19.2 1143 15.2  
 3–6 846 48.0 2235 65.6 1259 53.1 4340 57.6  
 ≥ 7 822 46.7 574 16.9 656 27.7 2052 27.2  
Visited health facility for malaria in past 6 months 238 13.5 1906 56.0 687 28.9 2831 37.6 < 0.001
Visited health facility for malaria in past month 32 1.8 791 23.2 247 10.4 1070 14.2 < 0.001
  1. aChi squared test