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Table 3 Reported knowledge on malaria causes, symptoms and preventive measures by study site

From: Malaria knowledge and bed net use in three transmission settings in southern Africa

  Choma District N = 789 Nchelenge District N = 1643 Mutasa District N = 1404 Total N = 3836
n % n % n % n %
Knowledge of causes of malaria
 Mosquito bites 705 89.4 1344 81.8 1212 86.3 3261 85.0
  Also cited other cause(s) 48 6.8 21 1.6 19 1.6 88 2.7
 Dirty surroundings 72 9.1 24 1.5 54 3.8 150 3.9
 Drinking bad water 80 10.1 36 2.2 21 1.5 137 3.6
 Other causesa 57 7.2 38 2.3 62 4.4 157 4.1
Knowledge of malaria symptoms
 Mentioned 3 or more common symptoms of malariab 264 33.5 267 16.3 583 15.2 1114 29.0
 Chills 490 62.1 925 56.3 708 50.5 2123 55.4
 Headache 539 68.3 491 29.9 982 70.0 2012 52.5
 Fever 374 47.4 588 35.8 476 33.9 1438 37.5
 Weakness or fatigue 159 20.2 188 11.4 845 60.2 1192 31.1
 Body ache or pain 157 19.9 542 33.0 209 14.9 908 23.7
 Vomiting 243 30.8 94 5.7 499 35.6 836 21.8
 Other symptomsc 374 47.4 248 15.1 569 40.5 1191 31.0
Knowledge of the prevention of malaria
 Sleep under a mosquito net 689 87.3 1173 71.4 943 67.2 2805 73.1
 Seek early treatment 134 17.0 145 8.8 161 11.5 440 11.5
 Keep surroundings clean 113 14.3 49 3.0 257 18.3 419 10.9
 Bury mosquito breeding sites 84 10.6 36 2.2 203 14.5 323 8.4
 Spray insecticide inside the house 23 2.9 24 1.5 211 15.0 258 6.7
 Take medicine to prevent malaria 10 1.3 87 5.3 91 6.5 188 4.9
 Eat clean food 80 10.1 34 2.1 27 1.9 141 3.7
 Other measuresd 10 1.3 34 2.1 180 12.8 224 5.8
Source of malaria knowledge
 Health care worker at clinic or hospital 539 68.3 754 45.9 793 56.5 2086 54.4
 School 110 13.9 243 14.8 248 17.7 601 15.7
 Community health worker 32 4.1 76 4.6 223 15.9 331 8.6
 Other sourcese 88 11.2 224 13.6 131 9.3 443 11.5
  1. Percentage total exceed 100 because of multiple responses
  2. aOther causes included breathing bad air, cold related and eating bad food, fresh fruits, maize or sugar cane
  3. bCommon symptoms of malaria were fever, chills, headache, weakness or fatigue, and body ache or pain
  4. cOther symptoms included diarrhea, coughing, flu-like symptoms, yellow eyes or skin and thirst
  5. dOther preventive measures included keeping the skin covered, wearing insect repellent, having screens on the windows, burning mosquito coils, burning a fire in the house and not going outside at certain times
  6. eOther sources were radio, newspapers, posters in health post or health center, friends or relatives, non-governmental organizations and the ICEMR study team