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Table 2 Characteristics of participants according to IPTp-SP dose and factors associations with low (< 3 doses) IPTp-SP uptake

From: Uptake of intermittent preventive treatment and pregnancy outcomes: health facilities and community surveys in Chókwè district, southern Mozambique

Variable Total
[N = 1.141]
IPTp doses OR 95% CI P value AOR 95% CI P value
None
[n = 110]
One
[n = 154]
Two
[n = 345]
≥ 3
[n = 532]
n [%] n [%] n [%] n [%] n [%]
Age (years)
 Median [IQR] 22 [19–28] 25[20–35] 22 [18–28] 22 [19–28] 21 [18–27]     < 0.001
 < 20 380 [33.3] 21 [5.5] 57 [15.0] 106 [27.9] 196 [51.6] 0.7 [0.6–0.9] 0.018 0.9 [0.7–1.4] 0.809
 ≥ 20 761 [66.7] 89 [11.7] 97 [12.7] 239 [31.4] 336 [44.2] Ref.   Ref.  
Gravidity
 Median [IQR] 2 [1–4] 3 [2–5] 2 [1–3] 2 [1–4] 2 [1–3]     < 0.001
 Primigravidae (1) 427 [37.4] 20 [4.6] 55 [12.9] 127 [29.7] 225 [52.7] 0.7 [0.5–0.8] 0.002 0.9 [0.6–1.4] 0.864
 Multigravidae (≥ 2) 714 [62.6] 90 [12.6] 99 [13.9] 218 [30.5] 307 [43.0] Ref.   Ref.  
Place of delivery
 Health facility 914 [80.0] 59 [7.3] 115 [12.6] 262 [28.7] 478 [52.3] Ref.   Ref.  
 Non-institutional (home) 227 [20.0] 51 [15.2] 39 [17.2] 83 [37.1] 54 [23.8] 3.5 [2.5–4.8] < 0.001 2.9 [1.8–4.5] < 0.001
Place of residence
 Urban 806 [70.6] 59 [7.3] 107 [13.3] 232 [28.8] 408 [50.6]    Ref.  
 Rural 335 [29.4] 51 [15.2] 47 [14.0] 113 [33.8] 124 [37.0] 1.7 [1.3–2.3] < 0.001 1.2 [0.8–1.7] 0.205
Marital status
 Single 294 [74.2] 36 [12.2] 39 [13.3] 91 [31.0] 128 [43.5] 1.2 [0.9–1.5] 0.218  
 Married/cohabiting 847 [25.8] 74 [8.7] 115 [13.6] 254 [30.0] 404 [47.7] Ref.    
Education
 None/primary school 674 [59.1] 87 [12.9] 107 [15.9] 207 [30.7] 237 [40.5] 1.8 [1.4–2.3] < 0.001 1.3 [1.0–1.7] 0.041
 Secondary/high school 467 [40.9] 23 [4.9] 47 [10.1] 138 [29.6] 259 [55.5] Ref.   Ref.  
Occupation
 Unemployed 882 [77.3] 65 [7.4] 110 [12.5] 264 [29.9] 443 [50.2] 1.1 [0.6–1.7] 0.776 1.0 [0.6 –1.7] 0.942
 Agro-livestock 180 [15.8] 38 [21.1] 31 [17.2] 63 [35.0] 48 [26.7] 2.9 [1.7–5.1] < 0.001 1.1 [0.6–2.2] 0.750
 Employed/self employed 79 [6.9] 7 [8.9] 13 [16.4] 18 [22.8] 41 [51.9] Ref.   Ref.  
Bed net use
 Yes 1055 [92.5] 95 [9.0] 146 [13.8] 316 [30.0] 498 [47.2] Ref.   Ref.  
 No 86 [7.5] 15 [17.5] 8 [9.3] 29 [33.7] 34 [39.5] 1.3 [0.9–2.1] 0.172 1.3 [0.8–2.1] 0.328
Timing of first ANC visit
 < 28 weeks 1055 [92.5] 96 [9.1] 132 [12.5] 309 [29.3] 518 [49.1] Ref.   Ref.  
 ≥ 28 weeks 86 [7.5] 14 [16.3] 22 [25.6] 36 [41.9] 14 [16.3] 4.9 [2.7–8.9] < 0.001 5.4 [2.9–9.8] < 0.001
Reported malaria pregnancy
 No 1001 [87.7] 95 [9.5] 131 [13.1] 309 [30.9] 466 [46.5] Ref.    
 Yes 140 [12.3] 15 [10.7] 23 [16.4] 36 [25.7] 66 [47.2] 0.9 [0.7–1.4] 0.896  
Ever heard about IPTp-SP
 Yes 251 [22.0] 49 [19.5] 38 [15.1] 70 [27.9] 94 [37.5] Ref.   Ref.  
 No 890 [78.0] 61 [6.9] 116 [13.0] 275 [30.9] 438 [49.2] 1.6 [1.2–2.2] < 0.001 1.6 [1.2–2.2] 0.002
  1. IQR interquartile range, ANC antenatal care, CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, Ref. reference category
  2. Significant P values are presented in italics