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Table 3 Factors associated with malaria infection (peripheral and/or placental) among delivering women in the health facility survey (N = 914)

From: Uptake of intermittent preventive treatment and pregnancy outcomes: health facilities and community surveys in Chókwè district, southern Mozambique

Potential factors Maternal malaria infection any (peripheral and/or placental) P value
N Infected
n [%]
OR 95% CI P value AOR 95% CI
Age (years)
 < 20 345 72 [20.9] 1.3 [0.9–1.9] 0.012 1.6 [1.0–2.8] 0.042
 ≥ 20 569 82 [14.4] Ref.   Ref.  
Gravidity
 Primigravidae (1) 395 76 [19.2] 1.3 [0.9–1.9] 0.093 0.9 [0.5–1.5] 0.727
 Multigravidae (≥ 2) 519 78 [15.0] Ref.   Ref.  
Residence location
 Urban 731 107 [14.6] Ref.   Ref.  
 Rural 183 47 [25.7] 2.0 [1.4–2.9] < 0.001 1.9 [1.3–2.9] < 0.001
Marital status
 Single 236 44 [18.6] 1.2 [0.8–1.7] 0.393
 Married/cohabiting 678 110 [16.2] Ref.    
Education
 None/primary school 477 78 [16.4] 0.9 [0.6–1.3] 0.675
 Secondary/high school 437 76 [17.4] Ref.    
Malaria in pregnancy
 No 810 129 [15.9] Ref.   Ref.  
 Yes 104 25 [24.0] 1.6 [1.0–2.7] 0.039 1.5 [0.9–2.5] 0.093
IPTp-SP receipt
 < 3 doses 436 69 [15.8] 0.8 [0.6–1.2] 0.430
 ≥ 3 doses 478 85 [17.8] Ref.    
Anemia (< 11 g/dL)a
 Yes 470 76 [16.2] 0.9 [0.6–1.3] 0.560
 No 437 77 [17.6] Ref.    
Bed net use
 Yes 844 142 [16.8] Ref.    
  1. CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio, Ref. reference category
  2. aData was unavailable in seven participants (n = 907)
  3. Significant P values are presented in italics