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Table 2 Percentage mortality (24 h) of Anopheles gambiae exposed in WHO susceptibility tests to diagnostic doses of deltamethrin (0.05%), permethrin (0.75%), DDT (4%), and pirimiphos-methyl (0.1%) at sentinel sites between 2013 and 2016

From: Nationwide insecticide resistance status and biting behaviour of malaria vector species in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Sentinel site Province Deltamethrin 0.05% Permethrin 0.75% DDT 4% Pirimiphos-methyl 0.1%
2013 2014 2015 2016 2013 2015 2016 2014 2015 2015
Kabondo Tshopo 100 99
(97–99)
85
(78–92)
76
(68–84)
27
(18–36)
25
(17–34)
12
(6–18)
17
(10–24)
37
(28–47)
100
Lodja Sankuru 96
(92–99)
98
(95–99)
100 100 49
(39–59)
68
(59–77)
69
(60–78)
13
(6–20)
8
(3–13)
100
Kingasani Kinshasa n/a 99
(97–99)
97*
(94–99)
100 n/a 91*
(85–97)
21
(13–29)
17
(10–24)
8*
(2–13)
100
Mikalayi Lulua n/a 99
(97–99)
100 88
(82–94)
n/a 30
(21–39)
36
(27–45)
42
(32–52)
15
(8–22)
100
Kalemie Tanganyika n/a n/a 100 100 n/a 55
(45–65)
40
(30–50)
n/a 33
(24–42)
100
Kapolowe Haut Katanga 95
(91–99)
99
(97–99)
100 100 31
(22–40)
53
(43–63)
100 45*
(34–56)
37*
(27–48 )
100
Katana Sud Kivu n/a n/a 98
(95–99)
100 n/a 92
(87–97)
100 n/a n/a 100
Tshikaji Lulua 92
(87–97)
98
(95–100)
n/a n/a 45
(35–55)
n/a n/a 13
(8–24)
n/a n/a
  1. 95% confidence intervals shown in parentheses; n = 100 for all tests except where * n = 80