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Table 2 Population characteristics by season and estimated distribution of human reservoirs of infection

From: Simulation models predict that school-age children are responsible for most human-to-mosquito Plasmodium falciparum transmission in southern Malawi

Age group % of population (N a /N) [27] (%) Dry season Rainy season
P. falciparum prevalence (qPCR), α a (%) ITN usage, σ a (%) % of P. falciparum infectionsa (%) P. falciparum prevalence (qPCR), α a (%) ITN usage, σ a (%) % of P. falciparum infectionsa (%)
Children (< 5 years) 18.2 7.7 53.4 12.4 13.6 70.1 13.8
SAC (5–15 years) 30.0 18.9 33.6 50.2 26.6 49.0 44.3
Young adults (16–30 years) 27.2 10.8 59.7 26.0 16.3 65.3 24.6
Adults (> 30 years) 24.7 5.2 56.4 11.3 12.7 63.0 17.4
  1. aEstimated percent of parasite carriers that are from each age group, (N a /N)*α a